Categories
202203

VISIT

中国将积极审批5类出入境需求!往返加拿大有两条新路线!

加拿大全攻略微信号:ca_seniors发表 2022年05月24日
https://googleads.g.doubleclick.net/pagead/ads?client=ca-pub-1652511877743317&output=html&h=280&slotname=1980089917&adk=3002098811&adf=4203279027&pi=t.ma~as.1980089917&w=776&fwrn=4&fwrnh=100&lmt=1653470266&rafmt=1&psa=1&format=776×280&url=https%3A%2F%2Fposts.careerengine.us%2Fp%2F628cf62a9b2042684d378406&fwr=0&rpe=1&resp_fmts=3&wgl=1&uach=WyJXaW5kb3dzIiwiMTAuMC4wIiwieDg2IiwiIiwiMTAxLjAuMTIxMC40NyIsW10sbnVsbCxudWxsLCI2NCIsW1siIE5vdCBBO0JyYW5kIiwiOTkuMC4wLjAiXSxbIkNocm9taXVtIiwiMTAxLjAuMTIxMC40NyJdLFsiTWljcm9zb2Z0IEVkZ2UiLCIxMDEuMC4xMjEwLjQ3Il1dLGZhbHNlXQ..&dt=1653470265769&bpp=3&bdt=1610&idt=760&shv=r20220523&mjsv=m202205190101&ptt=9&saldr=aa&abxe=1&cookie=ID%3D6280679a25bf0afd-2286362d01cd009d%3AT%3D1639839871%3ART%3D1639839871%3AS%3DALNI_MZ1dQPbGBtPEoYp63DWotHAqGxaaA&prev_fmts=0x0&nras=1&correlator=8722206878945&frm=20&pv=1&ga_vid=805631074.1639839871&ga_sid=1653470266&ga_hid=1743113958&ga_fc=1&u_tz=-240&u_his=2&u_h=709&u_w=1260&u_ah=676&u_aw=1260&u_cd=24&u_sd=1.525&dmc=4&adx=34&ady=817&biw=1244&bih=605&scr_x=0&scr_y=0&eid=44759875%2C44759926%2C44759837%2C44763827%2C31065544%2C31067528%2C31067768&oid=2&pvsid=3477458398650637&pem=983&tmod=394148453&wsm=3&uas=0&nvt=1&ref=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.bing.com%2F&eae=0&fc=1920&brdim=0%2C0%2C0%2C0%2C1260%2C0%2C1260%2C676%2C1260%2C605&vis=1&rsz=%7C%7CoEebr%7C&abl=CS&pfx=0&fu=128&bc=31&ifi=2&uci=a!2&btvi=1&fsb=1&xpc=dRjncfRcNm&p=https%3A//posts.careerengine.us&dtd=821截至2022年5月24日发文前,加拿大确诊总数增至3,847,547例,其中3,546,872人治愈,40,616人死亡,现有确诊260,059例。安省今日新增1287例!↓↓↓

对于海外华人来说,疫情这两年最关心的话题必然绕不开出入境政策和回国航班。

近日有多条相关消息曝出,包括中国国家移民管理局为“紧急必要出境人员”开绿色通道,海航恢复直飞加拿大航班,海外华人有望过境香港返回内地。

图源:联合报中国国家移民管理局最新宣布:为5大类出境事由开绿灯!据中国日报报道,5月23日下午,国家移民管理局强调:不鼓励个人出国旅游,但会充分保障紧急必要出入境需求。国家移民管理局边防检查管理司司长刘海涛在新闻发布会上表示,当前疫情仍处于全球大流行阶段,病毒不断变异,输入病例较多,国际旅行风险依然较高,外防输入的形势依然严峻。短期出国人员如果滞留在境外,将增加染疫风险,给个人和家庭造成不必要损失。

图源:微博“为此,目前组团出国旅游活动仍然暂停,也不鼓励个人出国旅游观光、访朋探友。”刘海涛强调。同时,国家移民管理局还提醒有相关计划的人员充分考虑疫情期间国际旅行的较高风险和不确定性,尽量做到“非必要非紧急不出境”。

图源:微博此外,他也提到,各级移民管理机构将继续积极保障服务境内外企业、中外人员复工复产的需要和其他合理的出入境需求。对五大类“必要出境”事由及时审批出入境文件,具体如下:1. 对出国境参加防疫抗疫、医疗救助、运送救灾物资、运输生产生活物资;
2. 参与重点工程项目及有组织劳务派遣、就业;3. 从事商务、科研、留学、考试、学术交流活动;
4. 就医、照顾探望危重病人、处理亲属丧事、照护老人儿童孕产妇、参加亲属婚礼毕业礼、家庭团聚;5. 处理境外突发紧急情况等必要事由以及其他处理紧急个人事务。对于情况特别紧急的,还将提供“绿色通道”的便利。此外,在日前的会议上,中国还推出33项措施来稳定经济,其中就包括“有序增加国内国际客运航班”。

图源:微信@观察者网这则消息一出,让不少海外华人们看到了希望。而且,今天曝出的好消息还不仅于此!海航官宣:新增深圳-温哥华直飞航班根据海南航空公布的最新通知显示,将于6月2日开始复航HU7959(深圳-温哥华)和HU7960(温哥华-深圳)航线。

图源:海南航空

从6月2日起每周四执飞,温哥华出发时间为21:20。海航方面表示,复航初期深圳-温哥华航段正常承运客货,温哥华-深圳航段仅腹舱载货。后续视疫情变化情况,适时恢复回程正常载客运营。海航官网,APP、微信公众号、官方客服热线95339、海南航空各境内直属售票处及授权代理销售渠道均可购票。

图源:TTG China
海外华人现可途经香港回国:机票便宜 加拿大华人亲测有效根据早前报道,香港从5月1日起开始开放边境,允许非香港居民入境。由此一来,不少海外华人决定“另辟蹊径”,先入境香港,然后再由香港中转回内地。虽然这条路径会比直飞麻烦很多,但是机票却相对来说便宜一些,目前已有加拿大华人亲测有效。

图源:国际空港信息网
香港旅游发展局官方通知显示:
持中国护照经香港前往其他国家或地区的过境游客,如能符合一般的入境规定,包括持有前往目的地的有效入境证件,以及供海外旅游并已确认的续程车/船/机票,可在每次入境时获准在港逗留七天而无需事先持有进入许可

图源:香港旅游发展局具体要求/流程如下 ↓
详情见国泰航空官网:
https://www.cathaypacific.com/cx/sc_CN/covid-19/transit-in-hkg.html1. 航班起飞前48小时进行PCR检测,并拿到阴性结果证明。注意:港府要求ISO15189认证的实验室或当地政府认证的检测机构出具的48小时PCR检测报告。2. 有符合条件的疫苗接种记录。香港认可疫苗包括:

3. 指定检疫酒店房间预定确认书,需预订7晚。具体酒店名单及价格:https://www.coronavirus.gov.hk/pdf/designated-hotel-list-v7_sc.pdf4. 抵达香港后,旅客需按照要求在机场进行检测。
若检测结果为阴性,可前往酒店进行7天隔离。隔离期结束后,可持中国内地护照提前5-8小时前往香港机场做核酸,登机前往内地(前往北京、上海、重庆的乘客需要一份48小时内指定机构的核酸证明),前往深圳的乘客,需提前订好深圳的防疫酒店。值得注意的是,过境香港回国需要分段购买机票,即先购买飞香港的机票,再购买从香港飞内地的机票。(目前香港尚未开通转机至内地的航线)
现在加拿大飞香港的机票还更便宜一些 ↓

图源:Air Canada过境香港回内地的旅客,无需申请中国驻外使领馆签发的健康码。据Vanpeople报道,已经有加拿大华人博主发帖称已经成功从加拿大中转香港到达深圳。

图源:
值得注意的是,中转香港回国并非上策。虽然机票便宜,航班熔断风险较低,但入境香港后还需要先隔离7天,又会增加一部分开销。
不仅如此,各个航空公司内部政策规程也有所不同,大陆旅客恐面临因护照7日过境限制而被拒绝登机;抵港时若被拒绝入境,有遣返至出发国的风险,还会面临罚款;若抵达香港后不幸确诊,则需要自行承担治疗费用,并且还要申请延长在港时间,给旅程增加麻烦和困难。总而言之,虽然现在有加拿大过境香港成功回国的案例,但由于这一途径具有很大的不确定性,建议大家谨慎尝试。由于中国方面已经放风要增设国际航班,无疑是个好的信号。加拿大的华人们如果想回国的话,不妨再等等!参考链接:https://www.cathaypacific.com/cx/sc_CN/covid-19/transit-in-hkg.htmlhttps://lahoo.ca/2022/05/17/380312https://www.immd.gov.hk/hks/services/visas/overseas-chinese-entry-arrangement.html#aa-结尾-

Categories
202203

ltd

Next steps following incorporation

After you incorporate under the Not-for-profit Corporations Act (NFP Act), you need to establish the internal organization of the corporation.

On this page

First directors’ meeting

After incorporation, the incorporators or first directors are required to call an “organizational meeting” of the directors. The purpose of this first meeting of the directors is to organize the corporation by adopting a number of resolutions that will allow the corporation to conduct its activities. A minimum of five days’ notice of this meeting must be given to each director listed in Form 4002 – Initial Registered Office Address and First Board of Directors (see Federal corporation forms).

This notice must indicate the date, time and place of the meeting. A director can waive (that is, voluntarily refrain from insisting on) notice of the meeting, and the attendance of a director at the meeting is equivalent to a waiver of the notice of meeting (refer to subsections 127(3) and (4) of the NFP Act and section 27 of the Canada Not-for-profit Corporations Regulations (NFP Regulations)).

At this first meeting, the directors can take the following actions (refer to subsection 127(1) of the NFP Act):

  • make by-laws
  • maintain corporate records and issuing debt obligation certificates
  • authorize the issuance of debt obligations
  • appoint officers
  • appoint an interim public accountant
  • issue memberships
  • make banking arrangements
  • transact any other business.

Instead of holding a first meeting of the directors, the directors can alternatively sign organizing resolutions to deal with all of the above matters. This is especially suitable if the number of directors is small. If all directors sign a written record of resolutions on the above matters, then a meeting of the first directors is not necessary. A copy of the resolutions must be kept with the minutes of the meetings of directors (see Organizing resolutions of directors for adoption at first meeting of the directors; you can also refer to subsections 127(5) and (6) of the NFP Act).

Possible actions to be taken at first meeting of directors

The directors need to consider the following actions at their first meeting.

Make by-laws

As soon as possible after incorporation, a corporation will need to adopt a set of rules concerning the governance and operations of a corporation. These rules are set out in the by-laws of the corporation. In this regard, the first directors will need to adopt “general by-laws” at the first meeting of the directors.

If a corporation wants to put in place certain rules that are not dealt with in the NFP Act or to modify some of the rules that are in the NFP Act, it can do so, as long as the changes made are permitted by the NFP Act (see Default rules).

Examples of issues that can be dealt with in by-laws include:

  • the date of a corporation’s financial year-end
  • the process and special requirements for banking arrangements
  • the qualification requirements for memberships
  • the process for appointing officers, as well as the rules regarding their qualifications and duties
  • the procedures for calling and conducting directors’ and members’ meetings
  • the minimum number of directors and members required to establish quorum at meetings
  • the process for amending by-laws
  • the rules limiting the modifications that can be made to the powers given to directors under the NFP Act.

By-laws can be amended from time to time, for various reasons. For example, a corporation might want to change the qualification requirements for its officers, or the quorum requirements for members meetings. The process for amending by-laws differs depending on the subject matter of the changes (see By-laws for information on changing by-laws).

With some exceptions, general by-laws adopted at the first meeting of the directors take effect immediately, although they are subject to confirmation at the first meeting of the members. After confirmation by the members, a copy of the by-laws must be filed with Corporations Canada within 12 months (refer to sections 152 and 153 of the NFP Act, and section 60 of the NFP Regulations).

Maintain corporate records and issuing debt obligation certificates

The list of corporate records that are required to be kept includes registers of members, directors and officers and minutes of member and director meetings. Although there is a general requirement for the corporation to keep certain records at its registered office, it is also permissible to keep these records at another location, provided that the requirements of the NFP Act are met. At the first meeting of the directors, they will need to decide how these records are to be maintained and what rules, if any, will govern their maintenance (see Corporate records and filing obligations).

Authorize the issuance of debt obligations

If a corporation intends to issue debt obligations after incorporation (for ex., bonds, debentures, notes or other evidences of indebtedness or guarantees of a corporation), this will have to be authorized by the directors at their first meeting. Future debt obligations will also have to be authorized by the directors at future meetings.

Appoint officers

Officers are appointed by the directors to assist the directors and to carry out functions delegated to them. Officers should be appointed at the first meeting of the directors. Officers can be replaced at the discretion of the directors at any point in the future (see The directors).

Appoint an interim public accountant

The NFP Act contains a general requirement that the members of a corporation incorporated under the NFP Act must appoint a public accountant by ordinary resolution (that is, a simple majority of the votes cast) at each annual meeting (refer to subsection 181(1) of the NFP Act). The NFP Act also contains rules regarding who can be appointed, and the circumstances in which such an appointment is not required (refer to sections 180-182 of the NFP Act). Since the power to appoint a public accountant is vested with the members, the first directors can appoint an interim public accountant who holds office until the first meeting of the members (see Financial statements and review).

Issue memberships

One of a corporation’s first activities following incorporation is to issue memberships. A person becomes a member when a corporation admits that person as a member of the corporation and “issues” a membership in that person’s name. At the first meeting of the directors, memberships will need to be issued to qualified persons who meet the membership conditions contained in the by-laws. If the articles of incorporation provide for two or more classes or groups of members, memberships can be issued to different classes of members who meet the requirements set out in the by-laws. Additional memberships can be issued in the future (see The members; you can also refer to sections 154 and 155 of the NFP Act).

Make banking arrangements

Once the corporation has been incorporated, it will need to choose a financial institution to meet its corporate banking needs. At their first meeting, the directors should adopt the banking resolutions that are required by the financial institution chosen; designate the signing officers for cheques; and determine the processes for conducting other banking business and authorizing signing officers.

Transact other business

Depending on the operations of the corporation, other business decisions might also have to be made at the first meeting of directors. Such decisions could include those that deal with:

  • adopting corporate policies
  • employing staff
  • purchasing insurance coverage
  • leasing premises
  • purchasing real property.

Another could involve the adoption of preincorporation contracts. In such a situation, a person who enters into a contract in the name of or on behalf of a corporation before it comes into existence is personally bound by that contract. After incorporation, the corporation can adopt the contract so that the corporation will become bound by the contract as if the corporation had been in existence when the contract was entered into, while the person ceases to be bound (refer to section 15 of the NFP Act).

Depending on the nature of these decisions, some might require member approval and others might not.

First members’ meeting

After the organizational meeting of the first directors, an organizational meeting of the members is required. Although most of the corporation’s initial organizing business can be dealt with by the directors at their first meeting, certain matters might not be decided by the directors or might have to be confirmed by the members. With this in mind, the first directors of a corporation must call the first members’ meeting within 18 months of the date of incorporation, that is, the effective date on the certificate of incorporation (refer to section 160 of the NFP Act and subsection 61(1) of the NFP Regulations). This meeting is usually held immediately after the first organizational meeting of the directors.

At this meeting, the members:

  • elect directors
  • confirm, modify or reject the general by-laws established by the first directors
  • appoint a public accountant, who can be the same one appointed by the first directors or a different one
  • adopt special by-laws, if any
  • transact other business.

Similar to the first meeting of the directors, the members can also adopt these initial organizing resolutions in writing, instead of holding a members’ meeting, provided that the written resolutions are signed by all members (see Organizing resolutions of members for adoption at the first meeting of members; you can also refer to section 166 of the NFP Act).

Provincial and territorial registrations

Once a not-for-profit corporation has been incorporated federally, you will likely need to register the corporation in the province(s) or territory(ies) where the corporation carries on its activities. While incorporation creates a legal entity, provincial and territorial registrations allow the corporation to carry on activities within Canada’s individual provinces and territories. There are different types of registrations, such as extra-provincial corporate registrations, business name registrations and fundraising registrations. Provinces and territories often require corporations to register within a few weeks after beginning activities in their jurisdictions.

In addition, some jurisdictions might require annual filings or registrations. A registration or filing fee might also be charged. Carrying on activities in a province or territory can include running a program or fundraising event; having an address, a post office box or phone number; or offering services or products at that location.

The requirements and processes for registration differ greatly among the province(s) or territory(ies) as there is no central registration agency. For example, it is possible that a corporation might need to register in one province but not in another, even though the same activity is carried on in both provinces. Consider contacting the local corporate law administration offices in each province or territory where you plan to carry on activities to determine their individual registration requirements (see Register a federal corporation in a province or territory).

Business number

The Business Number (BN) is a unique federal government numbering system that identifies your organization and the accounts you maintain with the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA). The BN consists of a numeric identifier of the organization, followed by a program account identifier. Examples of program accounts that can be registered with the CRA include:

  • Goods and Services Tax (GST) and Harmonized Sales Tax (HST)
  • registered charitable status (indicated by a charity’s registration number)
  • payroll deductions
  • corporate income tax
  • import and export duties and taxes.

When it incorporates your organization, Corporations Canada will ask the CRA to issue a BN for your corporation. The CRA will then register your corporation, and follow-up with a letter that confirms your BN and the program accounts for which you are registered. This letter will also include a summary of the information you have provided (see Registering your business on the CRA website).

Permits and other formalities

You might have to fulfill a number of other requirements in order to carry on certain activities. For example, you might need a provincial permit to carry on activities in a particular sector, such as a bingo licence in order to operate a bingo, a liquor permit in order to serve alcoholic beverages, or lobbying registration in order to conduct certain lobbying activities. Corporations Canada does not provide information on such requirements. Instead, consider checking with the appropriate municipal, provincial, territorial or federal government agencies, as well as professional organizations. You can also consult the Industry Canada Bizpal service for help with your business permit and licensing needs.Date modified: 2020-12-18

Categories
202203

child

产妇两次要求剖宫产

  马芳8月30日下午进入榆林市第一医院,陪同亲属有她的母亲、婆婆、二姑和丈夫延壮壮。

  延壮壮回忆,当天,他与妻子决定顺产,入院后在《产妇住院知情同意书》上签字按手印,并写下“情况已知,要求经阴道分娩,谅解意外。”

  9月3日10时52分,榆林市第一医院官方微博发布《关于产妇马××跳楼事件有关情况的说明》(以下简称《说明》)称,产妇马芳26岁,是绥德县吉镇镇张家峰村人,8月30日15:34,以“停经41+1周要求住院待产”之主诉入院。

  医院初步诊断:“1.头胎41+1周孕待产;2.巨大儿?入院完善相关检查后,因胎儿头部偏大(彩超提示双顶径99mm,一般足月胎儿双顶径不大于90mm),阴道分娩难产风险较大。”

  8月31日上午,马芳进入待产室。延壮壮说,妻子进入待产室前,他再次在同意书上签下“情况已知,要求静滴缩宫素催产,谅解意外”。

  院方发布的《说明》称,“主管医生多次建议行剖宫产终止妊娠,产妇及家属均明确拒绝,坚决要求以催产素诱发宫缩经阴道分娩,并在《产妇知情同意书》上签字确认顺产要求。”

  一名看到监控视频的当地人士介绍,当天18时05分10秒,产妇走出楼道打电话,随后,她的丈夫及婆婆来到旁边。由于疼痛难忍,10分钟后,她双手扶肚子跪在地上,医生和家属扶起她,并劝说其进入分娩中心。19时20分,产妇再次走出产房,医护人员紧随出来,7分钟后,在众人劝说下,她再次进入分娩中心。

  榆林市第一医院一位杨姓负责人告诉记者,他于昨日调取监控,看到视频里产妇疼痛难忍,面向婆婆和丈夫跪下,她的母亲站在远处。

  情绪失控跳楼身亡

  “妻子说她太疼了,想改为剖宫产”。延壮壮告诉新京报记者。

  他说,在妻子再三要求下,自己打电话给在医院的熟人,想问关于剖宫产的事情,没想到电话挂了约5分钟,护士告诉他妻子不见了。

  他冲入产房,没有找到妻子。随后,医生告诉他人在一楼。透过分娩中心外的窗户,延壮壮见到妻子赤裸着身体,被抬上担架。

  院方《说明》提到,“8月31日上午10时许,产妇进入待产室。生产期间,产妇因疼痛烦躁不安,多次强行离开待产室,最终因难忍疼痛,导致情绪失控跳楼。医护人员及时予以抢救,但因伤势过重,抢救无效。”

  杨姓负责人告诉记者,产妇跳楼之前,待产室里还有三位产妇。马某走出待产室,进入待产区内的备用手术室,翻越窗子跳下。

  据新京报记者了解,备用手术室在分娩中心内待产室的对门,窗台高1.13米,窗台上还有警方取证过的痕迹。

  新京报记者从绥德县公安局政工科了解到,系产妇跳楼身亡,排除他杀。

  “产妇在待产室内情绪失控要跳楼自杀,医生、助产士、护士当时在干什么?”延壮壮质疑。

  至今,医院没有给出解释。昨日,上述负责人回复称,相关产科医生、护士情绪低落,不愿意接受采访。

  谁拒绝给产妇剖宫产?

  医院表示,产妇向家属要求剖宫产,主管医生、助产士、科主任也向家属提出剖宫产建议,均被拒绝。

  新京报获得的一份《榆林市第一医院外科护理记录单》显示,当天17时50分,产妇意识清醒,“宫口近全,患者极不配合,要求剖宫产,给予心理安慰,同时给家属交代一次,家属表示理解,拒绝手术,继续观察。”

  18时05分和19时19分的两次记录显示,产妇意识清醒,两次走出产房,“家属仍拒绝手术”。

  医院认为,“该产妇跳楼身亡的根本原因与我院诊疗行为无关”。

  对此,延壮壮表示,妻子第一次从待产室出来要求剖宫产,自己就对医生说打算剖宫产,“医生说检查一下再说,等医生出来后我问情况咋样,说是马上就顺产了不可以剖宫产,我们就在产房外等着。”

  “过了一会儿,护士出来把小孩用的衣服被子都拿走了,也说是马上就生了”。延壮壮提到,没想到,妻子再次出来说要剖宫产。

  他表示,自己告诉医生剖宫产,医生说宫口开了十指,接着护士也从待产室出来,“医生还是说马上就生了不能剖宫产,就把我妻子拉进产房了。”

  “当时我女儿说要剖腹产,医生说,剖腹产也是一个小时,顺产也是一个小时,还让女婿劝我女儿回去。”马芳的母亲郝爱英说。

  她也否认医院的说法:“要是医生说剖腹产,我们肯定会答应的。我们什么都不懂,肯定都是听医生的,也根本不存在因为钱的问题不给剖腹产。”

  关注1

  产妇想剖宫产,医院一定要征求家属意见吗?

  一位多年代理医疗纠纷相关案件的律师告诉新京报记者,从法律层面来讲,患者本人拥有知情同意的权利,在意识清醒的情况下是有完全民事行为能力的,医院应首先尊重患者意愿。

  《医疗机构管理条例》第三十三条规定:医疗机构施行手术、特殊检查或者特殊治疗时,必须征得患者同意,并应当取得其家属或者关系人同意并签字;无法取得患者意见时,应当取得家属或者关系人同意并签字。

  此外,如遇紧急情况,也可以在家属不签字情况下手术。为抢救患者,在法定代理人或被授权人无法及时签字的情况下,可由医疗机构负责人或者授权的负责人签字。

  《侵权责任法》第五十五条也规定,医务人员在诊疗活动中应当向患者说明病情和医疗措施。需要实施手术、特殊检查、特殊治疗的,医务人员应当及时向患者说明医疗风险、替代医疗方案等情况,并取得其书面同意;不宜向患者说明的,应当向患者的近亲属说明,并取得其书面同意。医务人员未尽到前款义务,造成患者损害的,医疗机构应当承担赔偿责任。

  对于产妇从待产室窗户坠楼,律师认为,医院有安全保障患者安全的义务,医护人员应该密切关注病人情况,因而在这方面医院应担负一定责任。

  关注2

  顺产还是剖宫产,家属与医院如何沟通?

  一位原北京产科医生表示,产妇待产住院时,医院会根据实际情况向产妇及家属提供顺产或剖宫产建议,并告知两种生产方式的优点及风险,在征得同意后签署通知书。

  该医生解释,一般而言,若医生发现产妇身体情况不适合顺产,会向家属沟通,如果家属意愿和医院有出入,则会要求签署“情况已知,要求说明阴道分娩,谅解意外”的告知书。

  而“情况已知,静滴缩宫素催产,谅解意外”的告知条款,则可能是出现于孕妇在生产过程中宫缩乏力、难以顺产,医院会对其使用催产素的情况。这时家属若仍不同意进行剖腹产,医院则会签订相应的告知内容,表明已告知其家属,产妇继续顺产会存在风险。

  对于医院有顺产率和剖宫率指标的说法,业内人士说,目前国家的确在控制剖宫率,但必须尊重产妇选择。在产妇具备顺产身体条件的情况下,医院依然不可强迫其顺产,只能鼓励身体条件允许的孕妇顺产。

  产妇可以决定自己是否剖宫产,但其在生产过程中很快会进入麻醉状态,意识可能出现不清醒。手术过程中若出现任何情况,就需要和家属沟通。所以,医院会要求孕妇签订委托书,是为了保证孕妇在不清醒时,可以由家属等来做决定。“如果家属不同意,而医院又遵照孕妇意愿做了手术,一旦出事,医院责任就太大了”。

  

Categories
202203

huawei

华为股权制度详解 

2017-12-14 06:00

华为内部运行12年的虚拟股,一直被业内人士争议不断。有人认为华为的虚拟股权体系,形迹近于“非法集资”,更有甚者认为它是又一种骗局。

回顾华为公司员工持股始末,从“全员持股”到内部发行虚拟股,在股票的虚实转换之间,其实质上是一种对分红激励制度和融资体系的大胆尝试。对于华为公司而言,这是一套行之有效的体系。

与华为公司同城的中兴通讯期权激励范围不过数千人,而华为公司持股员工多达6.55万人,接近一家大型上市公司的股东数。员工以银行贷款购股,融资成本低廉,七年时间,内部融资超过270亿元。对银行而言,华为公司能够长期维持良好的还贷信用,亦是优质客户。

然而,这套支撑了华为12年高速成长的体系,曾经因虚拟股涉及银行信贷被监管部门叫停而面临困局。在现行的法规框架之下,华为员工以“个人助业”的名义获得的银行信贷用于支持庞大的虚拟股体系,确实与“三个办法一个指引”相抵触,且蕴藏风险。如此曲折的制度设计,也揭示出中国现有期权制度的缺陷。

国内现有的期权、员工持股制度在许多方面都存在高度规制,在实行法定资本制、坚持同股同权、缺乏分层次股权市场的大背景下,员工期权股票持有人的权益得不到保护,起不到长期激励的效果。在这种特殊的背景下,使得“影子股权”等另类激励反而更具备可行性。

华为虚拟股信贷困局,也从另一个角度揭示出,中国完善公开市场的期权股权制度的必要性与紧迫性。有时监管过于审慎,扼制了金融创新的可能,而中国的制度创新不乏企业“违规”操作的推动。如果可以通过公开市场实现有效的激励与融资,那么华为目前面临的虚拟股信贷断流,或许是一个好的转机。

每年此时,表现优异的华为技术有限公司(下称华为公司)员工们会被主管叫到办公室里去,这是他们一年当中最期待的时刻。这些华为公司的“奋斗者”们会得到一份合同,告知他们今年能够认购多少数量公司股票。

这份合同不能被带出办公室,签字完成之后,必须交回公司保管,没有副本,也不会有持股凭证,但员工通过一个内部账号,可以查询自己的持股数量。

往年,为了购买股票,这些华为公司的“幸运儿”还会签署另外一份合同:工商银行、平安银行、中国银行、建设银行四家银行的深圳分行每年为他们提供数量不等的“个人助业贷款”,数额从几万到几十万元甚至更高,这些贷款一直被华为员工用于购买股票。

不同消息来源均指出,四家商业银行总计为华为员工提供股票贷款高达上百亿元,直到2011年被叫停。2012年3月31日,华为董事会秘书处向华为员工发布《关于2011年虚拟受限股收益分配操作及有关还款等资金安排的通知》,明确2012年虚拟受限股只能通过自筹资金购买,银行将不会再提供购买股票所需的贷款。

虚拟受限股(下称虚拟股),是华为投资控股有限公司工会授予员工的一种特殊股票。拥有虚拟股的员工,可以获得一定比例的分红,以及虚拟股对应的公司净资产增值部分,但没有所有权、表决权,也不能转让和出售。在员工离开企业时,股票只能由华为控股工会回购。

经过十年的连续增发,华为虚拟股的总规模已达到惊人的98.61亿股,在华为公司内部,超过6.55万人持有股票,收益相当丰厚(见华为公司虚拟股历年分红收益表)。2010年,股票购买价格为5.42元,每股分红2.98元,收益率超过50%。2011年,预计分红为每股1.46元,对比前一年大幅下滑,但收益仍非常丰厚。

“今年还没有明确具体哪一天开始配股沟通,但应该快了。”6月初,华为公司的一位员工说。

分享华为

华为员工手中的股票与一般意义上理解、法律所定义的股权并不是同一概念“财散则人聚。”这句关于人与利益的关系的阐述,是任正非经营管理理念中最有名的注释,一直被国内企业家们奉为圭臬。20年前,当许多中国企业家还在斤斤计较员工的薪酬与奖金计划时,任正非就已经通过分享公司股票的方式凝聚和激励员工。

1987年,任正非与五位合伙人共同投资成立深圳市华为技术有限公司(即华为公司前身),注册资本仅2万元,当时,六位股东均分股份。三年后,华为公司即自称实行广泛的“员工持股制度”。

在电信、IT等高科技领域,各个公司最为核心的资源不是固定资产,而是掌握核心技术的员工,且行业内人员的流动性较大。正因如此,华为公司、中兴通讯等公司之间对于核心员工的争夺异常激烈,给核心员工配发公司股票和期权,以便留住人才,是这些高科技公司普遍采取的方法。

自1990年起,华为公司员工开始以每股1元的价格购入公司股票,此外,华为与各地电信、行业客户成立的合资公司员工,也享有认购资格。当时每个持股员工手中都有华为所发的股权证书,并盖有华为公司资金计划部的红色印章。

每股1元的价格相当诱人。1993年,华为公司每股净资产为5.83元,1994年每股净资产为4.59元,1995年每股净资产为3.91元,但每股1元的认购价格一直延续到2001年。

在获取银行融资较为困难的初期,华为公司依靠这种内部融资的方式渡过了难关。1997年,华为的注册资本增加到7005万元,增量全部来自于员工股份。1998年至2000年,华为的内部股激励机制一度让华为的业绩急速飚升。

至1994年,为了规范各公司各种形式的员工持股计划,深圳市出台《深圳市国有企业内部员工持股试点暂行规定》。但由于一些地方出现了内部职工股权证的非法交易,1993年、1994年国务院和原国家体改委两次发文,要求“立即停止内部职工股的审批和发行”。

1997年6月,华为公司对股权结构进行了改制,使其看起来相对简单。改制前,华为公司的注册资本为7005万元,其中688名华为公司员工总计持有65.15%的股份,而其子公司华为新技术公司的299名员工持有余下的34.85%股份。改制之后,华为新技术公司、华为新技术公司工会以及华为公司工会分别持有华为公司5.05%、33.09%和61.86%的股份。

同时,华为公司股东会议决定,两家公司员工所持的股份分别由两家公司工会集中托管,并代行股东表决权。

虽然身为民营企业,华为还是将自己的员工持股方案上报了深圳市体改办。当年11月,体改办对华为公司内部员工持股方案作出批复,原则上同意其改制方案。2001年,深圳市政府颁布了新的《深圳市政府内部员工持股规定》,适用范围扩大到了民营企业。当时的《员工持股规定》中明确规定,员工持股会(下称持股会)负责员工股份的托管和日常运作,以社团法人登记为公司股东。

具体而言,持股会要设置员工持股名册,对员工所持股份数额、配售和缴款时间、分红和股权变化情况均需记录。在调离、退休以及离开公司时,将由持股会回购股份,所回购的股份会转做预留股份。

但华为公司的持股运作并不完全如上。在暂行规定中指出,股票的回购价格是上年的每股净资产价格,华为公司因为长期实行1元每股的认购价格,因而也长期实行了每股1元回购的做法。这给华为带来一场诉讼。

外界真正窥见华为公司股权的定价机制就是借由这起发生在2003年的诉讼。是年,华为公司的两位资深员工——刘平和黄灿,将其告上法庭。原因之一就是,华为公司是根据双方合同中约定的以每股1元的价格,而不是以每股净资产价格回购股票。两位员工还认为,华为所用做增资的应付红利中也应有自己的利益,他们应按照同股同权的原则享有股权的增值。

华为员工与华为公司所签署的《参股承诺书》中明确规定,员工辞职或因违反公司的规章制度被辞退等丧失持股资格之一的情况时,需要将所持股份以原值退回公司。这一规定有违于公司法规定的同股同权原则。

最终,深圳市中院和广东省高院判两位员工败诉。广东省高院认为,因为华为员工的股份没有在工商登记——按照规定,股份有限公司的登记只限于发起股东,非发起股东不需要登记,因此当时除副总裁纪平外,其余员工股东全部未在工商部门进行记名登记。所以关键的证据是华为与员工之间的合同,华为工会的持股数只能作为参考,原告的主张“没有契约依据和法律依据”。

在华为体系内外,这一案件波及甚广,当时引起了国内的法律界和企业家阶层的广泛讨论。了解此案的人士对《财经》记者分析,刘平黄灿案的认定意味着,员工与公司之间只是合同关系,而非股东与公司的关系。在华为公司股票诞生起,华为员工手中的股票与法律定义的股权就不相同,员工不是股东,而工会才是股东,员工享有的只是某种意义上的合同利益或者权益,而非股权。此时的“员工持股制度”更近乎于一种分红激励和融资手段。

虚拟股激励

通过虚实之间的悄然转换,华为在治理结构上已经从一家号称全员持股公司变成由两家实体股东所控制的公司在两位员工发难之前,华为公司其实已经决意改变实行了十年的员工持股方案。1998年,华为公司高层赴美考察期权激励和员工持股制度,一种名为虚拟股的激励制度进入其视野。

虚拟股的体系当中,明确了持股人没有所有权、表决权,且这种股票不必经过证券行业监督管理部门繁琐的审批程序,非上市公司的虚拟股体系也避免了公开市场所带来的股价的波动影响。

随后,华为公司延聘人力资源公司韬睿顾问设计了虚拟受限股体系。2001年7月,华为公司股东大会通过了股票期权计划,推出了《华为技术有限公司虚拟股票期权计划暂行管理办法》。如此前的历次改制一样,这一计划得到了深圳市体改办批复同意。

华为公司并不是第一家在中国采取虚拟股制度的公司,几乎在它推出虚拟股的同时,1999年6月,上市公司上海贝岭(600171.SH)推出了虚拟股权激励计划,授予部分员工一批模拟的股票,公司股价的增益为员工所得的奖金收益。此外,银河科技(000806.SZ)也出台了类似的做法。

然而,与两家上市公司不一样,华为公司的虚拟股体系没有公开市场的价格体系参照,华为公司采取的是每股净资产的价格,相关净资产的计算参照四大审计师事务所之一的毕马威公司的审计报告。但具体的计算方式并不公开,即使华为的高层员工也不得而知。这与玫琳凯等美国公司的虚拟股实践不同,这些公司均采取聘用外部专业公司评估股价的办法。

推出虚拟受限股之后,华为公司员工所持有的原股票被逐步消化吸收转化成虚拟股,原本就不具实质意义的实体股明确变为虚拟股。当时,有两个有利条件助推其在风平浪静之中完成了体量巨大的实体股到虚拟股的转变:一是,当时正值网络泡沫破灭之时,华为公司正经历历史上的第一个冬天,许多员工对公司股票的价值期望不高,且分红收益较低。

此外,任正非当时鼓励大批员工“辞职再回岗”以便完成股票回购,包括董事长孙亚芳也参加了这一计划。而包括李一男在内的一批华为资深员工陆续离职创业,他们手中的股票也被回购到工会手中。

华为公司股票在虚实之间的悄然转换,意味着其在治理结构上已经从一家号称全员持股公司变成由两个实体股东所控制的公司。

1997年改制时,华为公司和华为新技术公司的股东会议决定,两家公司员工所持的华为公司股份分别由两家公司工会集中托管,此后,到1999年6月,华为公司工会以现金收购了华为新技术公司所持的5.05%股份,同时收购了华为新技术工会所持有的21.24%的华为公司股权。至此,华为公司两家股东——深圳市华为技术有限公司工会和华为新技术公司工会,分别持有88.15%和11.85%的股份。

2000年12月,华为公司董事会决定,将华为新技术公司工会持有的11.85%的股权并入到华为公司工会,任正非独立股东的地位在这次董事会上也第一次得到确认。华为公司将任正非所持的3500万元股份单独剥离,并在工商局注册登记,他单独持有1.1%的股份,其余股份全部由华为公司工会持有。

这种由任正非与华为公司工会并立的结构一直延续至今天。

2003年,深圳市华为投资控股有限公司(下称华为控股)成立,任正非持股1.0708%,华为公司工会持有余下的股份,成立同时,华为公司工会就将所持股份全部转给了华为控股有限公司。

此时,华为公司股东就由原来的该公司工会持股98.92%,任正非持股1.07%,变更为华为控股持股99.98%,华为创业元老副总裁纪平持股0.01%。一年之后,华为技术有限公司的股东再变更为华为控股和任正非,任正非持股1%。此后至今,历次增资后,华为技术有限公司、华为控股、华为工会、任正非繁复的股权关系比例小有调整,但框架未再有大的变更。

而在华为控股成立的同时,华为公司原有的内部员工持股制度、期权激励计划也被平移至华为控股的平台。

为什么要设立一个全新的华为控股作为华为公司持股的主体?对此,华为公司和深圳体改办在相关的行文当中均言简意赅,大体称为了国际化,更便于与战略投资者合作。一位与华为公司曾经有过深入接触的律师分析认为,成立华为控股平台,既便于华为旗下资产的资本运作,也使得本不透明公开的股权激励体系更容易被股东掌握。

对于华为公司的员工持股管理,其年报称:持股员工通过选举产生股东代表,通过股东代表大会行使其应有的权利。而华为控股的公司章程也明确:公司最高权力机构为股东会,并具体写明关于召集股东会议的方式与步骤。

但事实上,虚拟股制度下,持股员工的权利仅限于分红和股价增值收益,不涉及产权,而掌握实际权力的是华为控股股东会。记者查阅相关材料发现,在涉及华为控股增资扩股、分红和人事任免等问题时,其股东会议历次只有两人参加——任正非和孙亚芳,他们才是华为控股真正的两家股东的代表。

与当年联想控股等公司的持股会最大的不同是,联想持股最终将公司产权落实到了每个个人身上,而华为员工所持股票事实上只有分红权,实体股东只有任正非一名,其他员工整体以社团法人存在,而社团法人体系下,相互维系的关键并非股权,而是劳动合同。

奋斗者的贡献

只有被认定为“奋斗者”的员工,才能参与配股

华为公司一直都强调自己是100%由员工持有的民营企业。2009年年报中,第一次对外披露其持股人数为6.1万人。2011年年报披露,持股人数增至6.55万人,华为目前的员工总数是14万人。6万余人持股,已相当于一家大型上市公司的持股人数。

华为公司不断通过调整股票的分配方式来维系整个组织的活力。

2008年,华为公司微调了虚拟股制度,实行饱和配股制,即规定员工的配股上限,每个级别达到上限后,就不再参与新的配股。这一规定使得手中持股数量巨大的华为老员工们配股受到了限制,但是有利于激励华为公司新员工们。

2011年4月,任正非与华为公司高层召开“如何与奋斗者分享利益”的座谈会,华为轮值CEO胡厚透露,当时华为公司内部的一些统计显示,由于长期坐享公司股票的丰厚分红,出现了一些“怠惰”的员工。因此,华为公司出台了许多具体措施去识别“奋斗者”。

选择“奋斗者”本身形成了某种内部竞争。华为在北京的一位员工因为家庭原因拒绝被调往国外,她便不再是“奋斗者”,因而失去了配股资格。

在这次座谈会上,任正非还表示希望持股较多、将要脱离一线的老员工主动把所持的股票数量降下来,以便给新进的“奋斗者”更多机会。他透露说,2011年已经有许多老员工这样做了,包括董事长孙亚芳,他本人也计划在2012年减持部分股票。

《财经》记者采访的大多数华为员工在分红后,即将红利投入购买新的股票,“因为股票收益增长的幅度要比工资增长的幅度高得多”。

在华为公司的心声论坛上,有华为员工测算,在2000年投资的华为股票,十年之后,所持股票价值增长超过15倍。在房地产、股市投资形势不明朗的情况下,华为内部股票是华为员工最可靠、稳定的投资渠道。“我身边没有人不买。”一位华为员工说。

虚拟股制度实行之后,华为公司的这套分红激励体系一路发展顺利——通过虚拟股增发的形式,华为获得了大量的资金。华为控股相关材料显示,自2004年开始至2011年,华为控股工会和任正非两家股东新增持股63.74亿股,总计增资275.447亿元。其中,2011年一年,华为控股创纪录地向两家股东增发17.35亿股,任正非和控股工会总计出资达到了94.037亿元(详见华为控股增资表)。

华为公司每年度发行股票数额,均由两个实体股东按当年每股净资产购买,然后,控股工会再发行等比例虚拟股出售给“奋斗者”们。2004年至今,华为员工以购买虚拟股的形式通过华为工会增资超过260亿元。

反观华为公司的直接竞争对手中兴通讯,其在A股上市以来累计募集资金不过24亿元。2004年在香港上市,融资不过21亿港元,融资力度高下立判。

资深律师认为,华为虚拟股融资的制度要比上市公司期权股权激励更具效果。上市公司股权激励,只能发行新股,或者既有股东出让老股,资源有限,而且要经过股东大会批准,操作起来成本很高。虚拟股则可以无限增加,股票来源不是问题。另外,内部发行,几乎没有监管成本。

唯一的问题是,员工持续投资于华为公司虚拟股的财力究竟有多强?

个人助业贷款

仅仅依靠薪资,华为公司员工显然难以维系如此大规模和不断增长的配股体系

对许多正当青壮年的华为公司员工而言,每年的华为股票购买指标都是一个甜蜜的负担。

据华为公司员工透露,员工最高职级是23级。一般而言,工作三年的14级以上员工每年大约可分得数万股,以最近三年5.42元的购股价格计算,需要几十万元的购股资金。而18级的那些较为资深的员工们,最多可以获得40万股左右的配股。

仅仅依靠薪资,华为公司员工显然难以维系如此大规模和不断增长的配股体系。

《财经》记者了解到,自2001年始实施虚拟股制度起,华为公司员工就从中国银行、工商银行、平安银行和建设银行四家银行的深圳分行获得贷款,用于购买虚拟股。

华为员工持股制度的设立,遵循的是深圳市政府关于“内部员工持股”的系列规定。1994年,深圳市政府颁布《深圳市国有企业内部员工持股试点暂行规定》,其中明确提到,可以由公司非员工股东提供担保向银行或者资产经营公司贷款。华为公司是民营企业,但其员工持股制度方案经过了深圳市体改办的批准。2001年,深圳市颁布新《深圳市公司内部员工持股规定》,适用范围扩大到了民营企业。

但是,华为公司员工的贷款的依据并非上文所提到的情况,因为贷款的名义是“个人助业”。

一份华为员工与深圳工商银行南头支行签署的“个人助业贷款”合同显示:贷款用途为“个人事业发展”,贷款期限三年,贷款利率为月利率0.4575%,担保方式为个人薪酬收益权及账户质押。

南头支行发放的“个人助业贷款”与工商银行关于“个人助业”贷款的界定明显有违。在工商银行网站上,详细清晰地说明了个人助业贷款的要件——用于客户本人或其经营实体合法经营活动所需小额、短期资金周转的人民币贷款。个人助业贷款的单户贷款金额最高50万元,贷款期限一般为六个月以内,最长不超过一年。

对于个人助业贷款的发放对象,工商银行还明确要求,贷款人必须具有合法的经营资格和固定的经营场所,能提供相关营业执照等经营证和经营资质证明。但《财经》记者采访到的多位华为员工称,他们所得到的个人助业贷款并不需要提供以上证明。

这些员工获得的贷款与工商银行对个人助业贷款的界定,无论用途、金额、期限和对象,均不吻合。

除工商银行之外,此外几家商业银行对个人助业贷款的界定不尽相同,贷款金额、时限和担保差别巨大,但均明确要求是用于贷款者生产经营所需。

一家商业银行人士对《财经》记者表示,按照有关规定,不管以何种名目发放的贷款,都不能用来做配股资金。此行为违反了银监会发布的“三个办法一个指引”。

2010年2月,银监会发布《个人贷款管理暂行办法》和《流动资金贷款管理暂行办法》,规定个人贷款只能用于生产经营和个人消费,银行贷款不得用于固定资产、股权的投资。两个“暂行办法”与此前银监会颁布的《固定资产贷款管理暂行办法》和《项目融资业务指引》并称为“三个办法一个指引”。

一系列贷款政策出台的背景是,监管部门希望能够通过制度建设来避免银行业的系统风险,其中,特别强调要防范贷款资金被挪用。

此外,华为公司以个人助业贷款“助力”公司配股,与中国人民银行发布的《贷款通则》中的第三条“不得用贷款从事股本权益性投资”以及和第四条“不得用贷款在有价证券、期货等方面从事投机经营 ”规定也不符。

“如果用信贷资金去做股权投资,即使抵质押再完整也是绝对违反规定的。”上述商业银行人士指出,商业银行不可能在贷款合同中写“配股资金”之类的用途,所以只可能变相处理,变形为“个人投资经营贷款”或者“个人助业贷款”。

该商业银行人士分析,由于个人助业贷款,唯一的担保就是质押的员工的工资收入,这对银行来说风险较高,一旦公司运营出现问题,员工的工资收入也同时恶化,风险远大于有房子或汽车等实体抵押物的其他类型的个人贷款。

不过,记者采访的数十名华为员工均称,他们从未听说过有员工和贷款银行发生过违约行为。

熟悉银行业务的人士认为,华为员工的贷款中,可能有华为公司或者是其控股股东的参与,即华为公司方面可能有相应的贷款担保。但在《财经》记者获得的华为员工与银行的贷款合同当中,没有显示相关内容。

《财经》记者得到的华为公司员工贷款合同中,第十条明确规定了抵销权:如果员工未按时足额偿还贷款本金和利息,贷款人有权从借款人在该银行处开立的任何其他账户,包括定期存款账户中扣收相关款项。

过去十年,华为员工究竟从四家商业银行获得了多少贷款用于内部配股?除了四家当事银行之外,恐无人能说清楚。华为控股公司工商材料披露了华为工会历年的增资扩股情况,自2004年开始到2011年,华为工会每年都会增资扩股,这些股票与华为工会的虚拟股股份平行对应。《财经》记者统计发现,七年之中,华为工会累计出资高达263亿元。

从不同渠道获得的消息显示,该类贷款的规模超过100亿元。但这一数字未能得到监管部门的证实。

断流之后

在华为人聚集的天涯论坛上,各种贷款公司留下了提供贷款的广告

对于以贷款购买公司的股票,华为内部并无太多忌讳。

2011年,在上海与华为员工沟通的时候,华为公司首席执行官任正非为了说明自己无意、无力从董事长孙亚芳手中回购股票,以回应自己逼退孙亚芳的传闻,特意强调,自己购买公司股票的贷款还没有还完。

这个消息显示,任正非自己也在使用贷款购买公司的股票。在那场关于华为接班人问题的讨论中,大部分人的注意力都集中在前者,而少有人注意到:在国内金融市场中,信贷资金用于公司配股仍被视为禁区。一位华为内部员工透露,部分高级管理者每年购买华为虚拟股的贷款可能有上亿元之巨。

值得注意的是,在两个“暂行办法”出台后,2011年,四家商业银行仍在向华为员工提供“个人助业贷款”,直到一年之后,有关部门明令四家银行停止对华为员工发放个人助业贷款,同时要求在2012年7月收回之前所发放的贷款。

为何施行十多年的银行贷款会被认定违规?

早在去年就有消息称,四家银行叫停华为员工虚拟股贷款的起因是此前国家审计署的一份报告:商业银行对华为员工的“个人助业贷款”用于内部配股,该行为系属违规行为,风险巨大。而银监会在调查后,明令四家商业银行暂停发放华为虚拟股贷款。

一位深圳银监局人士向《财经》记者证实,的确曾接到有关叫停华为虚拟股贷款的命令。

对于华为个人助业贷款一事,相关银行负责人也闭口不谈。2012年5月,在工商银行深圳分行南头支行的办公室里,负责华为员工股票贷款事宜的负责人对《财经》记者承认相关贷款被叫停之事,但是拒绝谈及更多细节。

在华为公司内部,关于银行暂停员工个人股票贷款的事宜最早在2011年初即有通告。2011年7月21日,华为控股工会财务处发布《关于2011年虚拟受限股交款具体操作的通知》,首次明确,由于国家相关政策调整,2011年各商业银行停止操作个人助业贷款,员工认购资金需全部自筹。

三个月后,2011年10月,华为董事会秘书处又发出《关于员工提前偿还银行助业贷款及2012年配股交款相关事宜的通知》,强调“由于一些原因”银行暂停了对华为员工购买虚拟受限股贷款的支持。

一位华为基层员工对《财经》记者称,从去年7月开始,华为控股工会开始不断催促员工还款。“工会财务处和董秘处连续向员工发通知,去年7月通知上还是‘银行对员工购股贷款有严格要求,请提前做好个人资金安排,尽量使用自有资金缴款’。到了今年3月31日,公司就已经明确通知,‘银行停止个人助业贷款,员工认购资金需全部自筹’。”

在华为控股工会所下发的《关于2011年虚拟受限股收益分配操作及有关还款等资金安排的通知》中,华为对员工偿还银行贷款和内部借款给出了最后期限:银行贷款需在2012年7月前全部还清,在2011年申请的内部借款也必须在4月30日前偿还。

资深财务人士认为,银行叫停虚拟股贷款后,只要员工不会同时选择回购股票,就不会对华为公司自身现金状况带来太大影响。华为公司2011年年报披露,华为公司手上现金相当充裕,该公司拥有现金及短期投资为623.42亿元。

另外,对于虚拟股的回购程序,华为公司曾经规定过回购的比例,每年不能超过总数的25%,在公司困难阶段,不能回购股票。

在各种论坛上,华为员工们不乏对是否继续参与此次配股的犹豫。《财经》记者采访中,还没有华为公司员工表示不会再购买华为公司的股票。

贷款的收回已然开始。2012年4月,华为2011年虚拟受限股分红开始,不少华为员工查询账户时发现,由于公司提前将银行贷款和内部借款扣除,账户金额已经变为零,还有相当多一部分员工在扣除分红外,有债务未能还清。

多位华为员工表示,自己工作后的积蓄大多都已经投资在公司虚拟股上,连房子、车子都无法购买,要买新的股票只能去跟亲戚朋友求助。过去半年之中,许多华为员工的朋友们都接到了筹借现金购买公司股票的电话。在华为人聚集的天涯论坛上,各种贷款公司留下了提供贷款的广告。

2011年,在虚拟股贷款刚刚被叫停之时,华为公司曾经提出可以协调公司内部借款。彼时,华为控股工会通知规定,职级18级及以上的较高级员工的认购资金全部自筹解决。职级17级及以下较低级员工,个人筹集资金有困难的可提交申请,由工会协调内部员工之间相互借款。

内部借款比例不高于个人认购款总金额的60%,借款的年利率为7.315%,借款期限为2011年9月20日至2012年分红发放之日,按照实际使用借款的具体天数计息。

在2012年3月31日的通知当中,没有再提“内部借款”事宜,华为员工们猜测,这一路径也被堵死了。

之后,华为公司提出,在4月底之前,华为持股员工如果不能还清银行贷款或内部协调借款,华为控股工会将会回购员工手中所持的华为股票。

自愿申请由华为控股工会回购部分虚拟受限股的期限为4月15日到5月15日。在此期间,华为员工可提出书面申请交所在部门干部部薪酬管理员,经干部部汇总后交工会财务处统一处理,回购价格为每股5.42元,即当年的每股净资产价格。

在华为公司内部的论坛上,甚至有华为员工发帖,希望以私人协议的方式兜售华为虚拟股。但他们其实无法完成虚拟股的交易,因为这些股票只能被出售给华为控股工会。所谓的出售只是另一种形式的借贷而已。

“我们可以商定一个合适的利息,我保证给借钱的人一个最低的收益。”这位员工告诉《财经》记者,“说到底,我们是签一个借款合同,五五开分享税后分红。”

如果华为公司的分红低于承诺的借钱利息怎么办?“那我也会保证对方的收益,损失我来承担。”该员工说,“但我相信公司的分红应该绝对会不错的,我有信心。”

这样的信心看起来多少有些盲目。电信行业和宏观经济的影响之下,华为的增长也不再像以前那样迅速。2011年当中,华为销售额增长明显放缓,而华为的利润则大幅下滑,分红缩水过半(见华为历年销售收入和净利润图)。

在筹款还清贷款的同时,华为公司的员工们还要考虑另一个问题:一年一度的配股时刻已经来临,他们是否应该,以及如何筹资购买公司新增发的股票?目前,华为控股工会已经通知员工,如果员工无力去购买今年的股票,其购股资格将会保留至明年,购股价格是2013年的价格。

虚拟股向何处去?

在现行的中国法律体系之下,公开市场的期权股权制度使得期权制度很难成为一种真正有效的激励

“绝不可能!”《财经》记者问及信贷断流会不会危及现有虚拟股制度的实施时,一位华为高层非常坚决地说。

“我们的结论是,华为实际上是分享制,而不是股份制,和股份没关系。”和君创业公司总裁李肃说。此前,和君创业曾经专门研究过华为的虚拟股制度。“分享制是合理的。公司的控制权全部在任正非手里,大家分享利润。”从早期的员工持股,再到后来的虚拟股。在全员持股的说法之下,华为公司所实行的不过就是员工分红激励的手段而已。李肃认为,将分红激励解释为员工持股,好处之一是,可以避免外界关于非法集资的攻讦。

此后,经过长期的发展,华为控股的虚拟股制度不完全是市场化激励制度,具有了融资的特征。而对于这套运作体系,即使华为公司的持股员工,也多语焉不详,国内对相关虚拟股制度的立法、监管也无明确内容。

在虚拟股贷款断流之后,华为公司究竟会怎样调整他们的虚拟股制度?李肃认为,华为公司的股权迷局还未到最后见分晓之时。“关键是在任正非之后,其他的股权怎么办?是否会被切割?是实体股还是虚拟股?”

华为公司为什么会选择虚拟股,而非公开上市?过去多年,外界一直热衷谈论华为是否会上市的问题。几位华为资深员工透露,在华为公司发展的早期,包括任正非在内,华为公司高层都曾经谈论过华为公司上市的问题,以及上市之后,华为公司员工所持股票价值飞涨的美好前景。

但现在的局面之下,华为公司员工手中的虚拟股如何再回头,转化为实体股会是一个巨大的难题,这使得华为公司整体上市的可能性微乎其微。

不久前,有华为中高层人士对《财经》记者分析认为,华为公司可以将旗下的部分资产单独剥离出去,融资甚至上市,比如已经非常成熟的电信运营商业务板块。在2008年前后,华为公司的确曾经有意将旗下的手机终端业务剥离出去,引入贝恩资本、银湖等战略投资者。惜乎一场金融危机的到来使得这一计划未能实现。

有投行人士认为,这是一个足可以替代原有的虚拟股融资的方案。但问题是,此前该业务板块中的员工虚拟股部分该怎么办?上市之后,他们会继续延续虚拟股的激励方式还是会采取类似于公开市场中的期权激励?

但是,在现行的中国法律体系之下,公开市场的期权股权制度使得期权制度很难成为一种真正有效的激励。

北京大学法学院副教授邓峰指出,国内现有的期权、员工持股制度在许多方面都存在高度规制,在实行法定资本制、坚持同股同权、缺乏分层次股权市场的大背景下,员工期权股票持有人的权益得不到保护,也起不到长期激励的效果。

邓峰认为,在这种特殊的背景下,使得“影子股权”等另类激励反而更具备可行性,所谓“影子股权”是公司管理层专门划分出一定比例的收益,以分红的形式发放给管理层或者员工。

“华为的模式到目前来讲运转得很不错。员工贷款的方式如果以后不能再使用了,员工这次可以砸锅卖铁,但每年的持续确实有问题。”一位资深财务人士认为。

还有一种可能是,随着通信行业进入稳定增长期,华为公司也就不会再有如此巨额的融资需求了,因而不需要增发大量的虚拟股。2011年,华为的增长已然放缓,销售收入增长降至9%。

但华为公司自己并不这么认为。2011年,华为公司内部提出,未来几年,要使得该公司的销售收入达到1000亿美元,而当前仅为323多亿美元。大幅业绩增长预期背后意味着大幅的资金投入。2010年、2011年连续两年,华为公司均进行了大规模虚拟股配股。仅在2011年,规模就达到创纪录的93亿元。

“最完美的结果还是不要有意外,让这个模式可以平稳地发展下去。”上述资深财务人士认为。而一旦出现严重的问题,华为数万持股员工将会承受最大的损失。如果公司发展不好怎么办?如果公司出现亏损怎么办?如果华为公司出现极端情况怎么办?

在被问及这些问题时,多数华为员工坚持认为,华为公司绝对不会出现太糟糕的局面。

华为公司12年的虚拟股运行,显然给了员工极大的信心。从2001年到2011年,华为公司销售收入从235亿元,增长到2039亿元。对银行而言,华为公司能够长期维持良好的还贷信用,亦是优质客户。这套高效运转的体系的风险,主要是公司的经营业绩是否可以持续增长。

对于正处于业务扩张期的华为,现在无疑需要新的融资渠道以支持其增长。

华为虚拟股信贷困局,也从另外一个角度揭示出,中国完善公开市场的期权股权制度的必要性与紧迫性。有时监管过于审慎,也许扼制了金融创新的可能,而中国的制度创新不乏企业的“违规”操作推动。如果华为公司可以通过公开市场实现有效的激励与融资功能,那么它目前面临的虚拟股信贷断流,或许是一个好的转机。

—END—

Categories
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ontario

Cost and time required to register, change or search for a business name, corporation or not-for-profit

How much it costs and how long it takes to file documents and order search products online, email or by mail.

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  1. Overview
  2. Accepted methods of payment
  3. File online with service providers
  4. Our service standards and fees
  5. Applicable acts and regulations
  6. Contact us

Overview

To make sure our records are up-to-date and people can find what they need, businesses, not-for-profit corporations and people looking to register a business name must submit documents to us when they:

  • incorporate in Ontario
  • create or register types of businesses other than corporations
  • change information relating to their business or not-for-profit
  • incorporate in another jurisdiction but want to operate in Ontario

Depending on which documents you’re filing or search products you’re ordering, there are different service delivery options, processing times (which are subject to change) and fees you must pay.

Accepted methods of payment

Online

You can pay online by Debit, Visa or Mastercard.

By mail

You can only pay with a cheque or personal cheque made out to the Minister of Finance. Personal cheques must be pre-printed with a name and address by the bank.

We will charge you an extra $35.00 if your cheque is returned due to insufficient funds.

  • You can submit your completed documents by mail:
  • Central Production and Verification Services Branch
  • 393 University Avenue
  • Suite 200
  • Toronto, Ontario
  • M5G 2M2

By email

You can only pay by credit card.  For your security and protection, credit card information cannot be provided by email. You must provide a daytime contact phone number as part of your cover letter. After your email is received, we will contact you by telephone at the number set out in the cover letter to collect credit card information (e.g. cardholder name, number, CVV, expiry date, etc.) and payment will be processed at that time.

File online with service providers

You can file online with the following service providers who are under contract with us:

Each service provider will charge a fee for their services in addition to the standard government fees. Contact them directly to learn more.

Our service standards and fees

These charts only display the government fees. Please contact the service providers directly for information about their charges for the online service they provide.

Business Corporations Act: service times and fees

Dissolutions, Revivals and Authorization to Continue in Another Jurisdiction require consent from the Ministry of Finance (MOF).  MOF will provide its consent electronically to us within 30 business days of receipt from the Ontario Business Registry system.  We will process filings upon receipt from customers or from MOF (if applicable) within the service standards set out below.

*Submission by email is available for qualified intermediaries.  Please refer to Notice – Filing Methods and Requirements for more detail.

ServiceOnline with the MinistryMail*Email
IncorporationImmediate – $30015 business days – $3007 business days – $300
AmalgamationImmediate – $33015 business days – $3307 business days – $330
AmendmentImmediate – $15015 business days – $1507 business days – $150
Restated ArticlesImmediate – $15015 business days – $1507 business days – $150
Dissolution2 business days – $2515 business days – $257 business days – $25
Winding-Up (first filing) (if voluntary)Immediate – $2515 business days – $257 business days – $25
Winding-Up (second) (if voluntary)Immediate – $25 15 business days – $257 business days – $25
Winding-up (court ordered)
(first filing)
2 business days – $2515 business days – $257 business days – $25
Winding-up (court ordered)
(second filing)
2 business days – $2515 business days – $257 business days – $25
Continuation in Ontario2 business days – $33015 business days – $3307 business days – $330
Authorization to continue in another jurisdiction2 business days – $33015 business days – $3307 business days – $330
Revival2 business days – $33015 business days – $3307 business days – $330
Reorganization2 business days – $15015 business days – $1507 business days – $150
Arrangement2 business days – $33015 business days – $3307 business days – $330
Corrected Certificate2 – 3 weeks – $5004-6 weeks – $5004-6 weeks – $500

Not-for-Profit Corporations Act, 2010: service times and fees

*Submission by email is available for qualified intermediaries.  Please refer to Notice – Filing Methods and Requirements for more detail.

Servicenline with the MinistryMailEmail*
Incorporation5 business days  – $15515 business days – $1557 business days – $155
Amalgamation5 business days – $15515 business days – $1557 business days – $155
Amendment5 business days – $13015 business days – $1307 business days – $130
Restated Articles5 business days – $13015 business days – $1307 business days – $155
Dissolution5 business days – $015 business days – $07 business days – $0
Winding-Up (first filing) (if voluntary)5 business days – $2515 business days – $257 business days – $25
Winding-Up (second filing) (if voluntary)5 business days  – $25 15 business days – $257 business days – $25
Winding-up (court ordered)
(first filing)
5 business days  – $25 15 business days – $257 business days – $25
Winding-up (court ordered)
(second filing)
5 business days  – $25 15 business days – $257 business days – $25
Continuation in Ontario5 business days – $15515 business days – $1557 business days – $155
Authorization to continue out5 business days – $15515 business days – $1557 business days – $155
Revival5 business days – $10015 business days – $1307 business days – $130
Reorganization5 business days – $13015 business days – $1507 business days – $150
Arrangement5 business days – $15515 business days – $1557 business days – $155
Corrected Certificate2 – 3 weeks – $5004-6 weeks – $5004-6 weeks – $500

Co-operative Corporations Act: service times and fees

ServiceOnline with the MinistryMailEmail
Incorporation with sharenot available35 business days – $33535 business days – $335
Incorporation without sharenot available35 business days – $15535 business days – $155
Incorporation without share (if not-for-profit organization)not available35 business days – $15535 business days – $155
Amalgamationnot available35 business days – $035 business days – $0
Amendmentnot available35 business days – $10035 business days – $100
Amendment (converting) to a Not-for-Profit Corporations Act 2010not available35 business days – $10035 business days – $100
Amendment to convert to a Business Corporations Act corporationnot available35 business days – $20035 business days – $200
Restated Articles with or without sharenot available35 business days – $10035 business days – $100
Dissolutionnot available35 business days – $035 business days – $0
Continuation from another jurisdictionnot available35 business days – $20035 business days – $200
Transfer out of Ontario not available35 business days – $20035 business days – $200
Revivalnot available35 business days – $20035 business days – $200

Corporations Act: service times and fees

ServiceOnline with the MinistryMailEmail
Incorporation of a companynot available35 business days – $31535 business days – $315
Letters Patent of Amalgamationnot available35 business days – $15535 business days – $155
Supplementary Letters Patentnot available35 business days – $13035 business days – $130
Surrender of Charternot available35 business days – $035 business days – $0
Revival of Letters Patentnot available15 business days – $3157 business days – $315
Corrected Letters Patent or Corrected Supplementary Letters Patentnot available4-6 weeks – $3154-6 weeks – $315

Extra-Provincial Corporations Act: foreign corporation service times and fees

*Submission by email is available for qualified intermediaries.  Please refer to Notice – Filing Methods and Requirements for more detail.

ServiceOnline with the MinistryMailEmail
Extra-Provincial Licence5 business days – $33010 business days – $3307 business days – $330
Amended Extra-Provincial Licence5 business days – $15010 business days – $1507 business days – $150
Termination of Extra-Provincial LicenceImmediate – $010 business days – $07 business days – $0
Corrected Extra-Provincial Licence2 – 3 weeks – $3304-6 weeks – $3304-6 weeks – $330 

Corporations Information Act: service times and fees

*Submission by email is available for qualified intermediaries.  Please refer to Notice – Filing Methods and Requirements for more detail.

ServiceOnline with the MinistryMail*Email
Initial Return/Notice of Change (Ontario Corporation) Immediate – $015 business days – $07 business days – $0
Initial Return/Notice of Change (Extra-Provincial Corporation)2 business days – $015 business days – $07 business days – $0
CIA Annual Return (Ontario Corporation)Immediate – $015 business days – $07 business days – $0
CIA Annual Return (Extra-Provincial Foreign Corporation)Immediate – $015 business days – $07 business days – $0

Business Names Act: registration and filing service times and fees

Sole Proprietorship, General Partnership and Business Name for Corporations or Partnership: registration and filing service times and fees

*Submission by email is available for qualified intermediaries.  Please refer to Notice – Filing Methods and Requirements for more detail.

ServiceOnline with the MinistryMail*Email
New RegistrationImmediate – $6015 business days -$607 business days – $60
RenewalImmediate – $6015 business days – $607 business days – $60
Amendment or CancellationImmediate – $015 business days – $07 business days – $0

Partnership/Limited Liability Partnership, Extra-Provincial Limited Liability Partnership/Limited Liability Company: registration and filing service times and fees

*Submission by email is available for qualified intermediaries.  Please refer to Notice – Filing Methods and Requirements for more detail.

ServiceOnline with MinistryMail*Email
New RegistrationImmediate – $6015 business days -$607 business days – $60
RenewalImmediate – $6015 business days – $607 business days – $60
Amendment or CancellationImmediate – $015 business days – $07 business days – $0

Limited Partnerships Act: registration and filing service times and fees

Declaration

*Submission by email is available for qualified intermediaries.  Please refer to Notice – Filing Methods and Requirements for more detail.

Service Online with the MinistryMail*Email
New filing or renewalImmediate – $21015 business days – $2107 business days – $210
Late renewalImmediate – $36015 business days – $3607 business days – $360
ChangeImmediate – $015 business days – $07 business days – $0
DissolutionImmediate – $015 business days – $07 business days – $0
WithdrawalImmediate – $015 business days – $07 business days – $0

As of November 1, 2018, ServiceOntario no longer provides microfiche. All documents on the requested microfiche will be provided to customers in a PDF document via email.

*Submission by email is available for qualified intermediaries.  Please refer to Notice – Filing Methods and Requirements for more detail

ServiceOnline with the MinistryMail*Email
Profile ReportImmediate – $85 business days – $83 business days – $8
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202203

NONPROFIT

Model by-laws – Not-for-profit corporations

By-law No. 1

A by-law relating generally to the conduct of the affairs of

[NAME OF CORPORATION]

(the “Corporation”)

Table of contents

BE IT ENACTED as a by-law of the Corporation as follows:

Section 1 – General

1.01 DefinitionsFootnote1

In this by-law and all other by-laws of the Corporation, unless the context otherwise requires:

  1. “Act” means the Canada Not-for-profit Corporations Act S.C. 2009, c.23 including the Regulations made pursuant to the Act, and any statute or regulations that may be substituted, as amended from time to time;
  2. “articles” means the original or restated articles of incorporation or articles of amendment, amalgamation, continuance, reorganization, arrangement or revival of the Corporation;
  3. “board” means the board of directors of the Corporation and “director” means a member of the board;
  4. “by-law” means this by-law and any other by-laws of the Corporation as amended and which are, from time to time, in force and effect;
  5. “meeting of members” includes an annual meeting of members or a special meeting of members; “special meeting of members” includes a meeting of any class or classes of members and a special meeting of all members entitled to vote at an annual meeting of members;
  6. “ordinary resolution” means a resolution passed by a majority (for example more than 50%) of the votes cast on that resolution;
  7. “proposal” means a proposal submitted by a member of the Corporation that meets the requirements of section 163 (Shareholder Proposals) of the Act;
  8. “Regulations” means the regulations made under the Act, as amended, restated or in effect from time to time; and
  9. “special resolution” means a resolution passed by a majority of not less than two-thirds (2/3) of the votes cast on that resolution.

1.02 Interpretation

In the interpretation of this by-law, words in the singular include the plural and vice-versa, words in one gender include all genders, and “person” includes an individual, body corporate, partnership, trust and unincorporated organization.

Other than as specified in 1.01 above, words and expressions defined in the Act have the same meanings when used in these by-laws.

1.03 Corporate Seal

The Corporation may have a corporate seal in the form approved from time to time by the board. If a corporate seal is approved by the board, the secretary of the Corporation shall be the custodian of the corporate seal.

1.04 Execution of Documents

Deeds, transfers, assignments, contracts, obligations and other instruments in writing requiring execution by the Corporation may be signed by any two (2) of its officers or directors. In addition, the board may from time to time direct the manner in which and the person or persons by whom a particular document or type of document shall be executed. Any person authorized to sign any document may affix the corporate seal (if any) to the document. Any signing officer may certify a copy of any instrument, resolution, by-law or other document of the Corporation to be a true copy thereof.

1.05 Financial Year End

The financial year end of the Corporation shall be determined by the board of directors.

1.06 Banking Arrangements

The banking business of the Corporation shall be transacted at such bank, trust company or other firm or corporation carrying on a banking business in Canada or elsewhere as the board of directors may designate, appoint or authorize from time to time by resolution. The banking business or any part of it shall be transacted by an officer or officers of the Corporation and/or other persons as the board of directors may by resolution from time to time designate, direct or authorize.

1.07 Annual Financial StatementsFootnote2

The Corporation may, instead of sending copies of the annual financial statements and other documents referred to in subsection 172(1) (Annual Financial Statements) of the Act to the members, publish a notice to its members stating that the annual financial statements and documents provided in subsection 172(1) are available at the registered office of the Corporation and any member may, on request, obtain a copy free of charge at the registered office or by prepaid mail.

Section 2 – Membership – Matters requiring special resolution

2.01 Membership ConditionsFootnote3

Choose this provision if you want a single class of individual members]

Subject to the articles, there shall be one class of members in the Corporation. Membership in the Corporation shall be available only to individuals interested in furthering the Corporation’s purposes and who have applied for and been accepted into membership in the Corporation by resolution of the board or in such other manner as may be determined by the board. Each member shall be entitled to receive notice of, attend and vote at all meetings of the members of the Corporation.

Choose this provision if you want two classes of members]

Subject to the articles, there shall be two classes of members in the Corporation, namely, Class A members and Class B members. The board of directors of the Corporation may, by resolution, approve the admission of the members of the Corporation. Members may also be admitted in such other manner as may be prescribed by the board by resolution. The following conditions of membership shall apply:

Class A Members

  1. Class A voting membership shall be available only to [describe category of persons (consider whether individuals or other entities) who should have a right to vote in the Corporation] and who have applied and have been accepted for Class A voting membership in the Corporation.
  2. The term of membership of a Class A voting member shall be annual, subject to renewal in accordance with the policies of the Corporation.
  3. As set out in the articles, each Class A voting member is entitled to receive notice of, attend and vote at all meetings of members and each such Class A voting member shall be entitled to one (1) vote at such meetings.

Class B Members

  1. Class B non-voting membership shall be available only to [describe category of persons (consider whether individuals or other entities) who should not have a right to vote in the Corporation] and who have applied and have been accepted for Class B non-voting membership in the Corporation.
  2. The term of membership of a Class B non-voting member shall be annual, subject to renewal in accordance with the policies of the Corporation.
  3. Subject to the Act and the articles, a Class B non-voting member shall not be entitled to receive notice of, attend or vote at meetings of the members of the Corporation.

Pursuant to subsection 197(1) (Fundamental Change) of the Act, a special resolution of the members is required to make any amendments to this section of the by-laws if those amendments affect membership rights and/or conditions described in paragraphs 197(1)(e), (h), (l) or (m).

2.02 Notice of Meeting of MembersFootnote4

Notice of the time and place of a meeting of members shall be given to each member entitled to vote at the meeting by the following means:

  1. by mail, courier or personal delivery to each member entitled to vote at the meeting, during a period of 21 to 60 days before the day on which the meeting is to be held; or
  2. by telephonic, electronic or other communication facility to each member entitled to vote at the meeting, during a period of 21 to 35 days before the day on which the meeting is to be held.Footnote5>

Pursuant to subsection 197(1) (Fundamental Change) of the Act, a special resolution of the members is required to make any amendment to the by-laws of the Corporation to change the manner of giving notice to members entitled to vote at a meeting of members.

2.03 Absentee Voting by Mail BallotFootnote6

Pursuant to section 171(1) (Absentee Voting) of the Act, a member entitled to vote at a meeting of members may vote by mailed-in ballot if the Corporation has a system that:

  1. enables the votes to be gathered in a manner that permits their subsequent verification, and
  2. permits the tallied votes to be presented to the Corporation without it being possible for the Corporation to identify how each member voted.

Pursuant to subsection 197(1) (Fundamental Change) of the Act, a special resolution of the members is required to make any amendment to the by-laws of the Corporation to change this method of voting by members not in attendance at a meeting of members.

Section 3 – Membership dues, termination and discipline

3.01 Membership Dues

Members shall be notified in writing of the membership dues at any time payable by them and, if any are not paid within one (1) calendar month of the membership renewal date, the members in default shall automatically cease to be members of the Corporation.

3.02 Termination of MembershipFootnote7

A membership in the Corporation is terminated when:

  1. the member dies, or, in the case of a member that is a corporation, the corporation is dissolved;
  2. a member fails to maintain any qualifications for membership described in Section 2.01 of these by-laws;
  3. the member resigns by delivering a written resignation to the chair of the board of the Corporation in which case such resignation shall be effective on the date specified in the resignation;
  4. the member is expelled in accordance with Section 3.03 below or is otherwise terminated in accordance with the articles or by-laws;
  5. the member’s term of membership expires; or
  6. the Corporation is liquidated or dissolved under the Act.

Subject to the articles, upon any termination of membership, the rights of the member, including any rights in the property of the Corporation, automatically cease to exist.

3.03 Discipline of MembersFootnote8

The board shall have authority to suspend or expel any member from the Corporation for any one or more of the following grounds:

  1. violating any provision of the articles, by-laws, or written policies of the Corporation;
  2. carrying out any conduct which may be detrimental to the Corporation as determined by the board in its sole discretion;
  3. for any other reason that the board in its sole and absolute discretion considers to be reasonable, having regard to the purpose of the Corporation.

In the event that the board determines that a member should be expelled or suspended from membership in the Corporation, the president, or such other officer as may be designated by the board, shall provide twenty (20) days notice of suspension or expulsion to the member and shall provide reasons for the proposed suspension or expulsion. The member may make written submissions to the president, or such other officer as may be designated by the board, in response to the notice received within such twenty (20) day period. In the event that no written submissions are received by the president, the president, or such other officer as may be designated by the board, may proceed to notify the member that the member is suspended or expelled from membership in the Corporation. If written submissions are received in accordance with this section, the board will consider such submissions in arriving at a final decision and shall notify the member concerning such final decision within a further twenty (20) days from the date of receipt of the submissions. The board’s decision shall be final and binding on the member, without any further right of appeal.

Section 4 – Meetings of members

4.01 Persons Entitled to be Present

The only persons entitled to be present at a meeting of members shall be those entitled to vote at the meeting, the directors and the public accountant of the Corporation and such other persons who are entitled or required under any provision of the Act, articles or by-laws of the Corporation to be present at the meeting. Any other person may be admitted only on the invitation of the chair of the meeting or by resolution of the members.

4.02 Chair of the Meeting

In the event that the chair of the board and the vice-chair of the board are absent, the members who are present and entitled to vote at the meeting shall choose one of their number to chair the meeting.

4.03 QuorumFootnote9

A quorum at any meeting of the members (unless a greater number of members are required to be present by the Act) shall be 10% of the members entitled to vote at the meeting. If a quorum is present at the opening of a meeting of members, the members present may proceed with the business of the meeting even if a quorum is not present throughout the meeting.

4.04 Votes to GovernFootnote10

At any meeting of members every question shall, unless otherwise provided by the articles or by-laws or by the Act, be determined by a majority of the votes cast on the question. In case of an equality of votes either on a show of hands or on a ballot or on the results of electronic voting, the chair of the meeting in addition to an original vote shall have a second or casting vote.Footnote11

Section 5 – Directors

5.01 Election and TermFootnote12

Subject to the articles, the members will elect the directors at the first meeting of members and at each succeeding annual meeting at which an election of directors is required, and the directors shall be elected to hold office for a term expiring not later than the close of the third annual meeting of members following the election.Footnote13

Section 6 – Meetings of directors

6.01 Calling of Meetings

Meetings of the board may be called by the chair of the board, the vice-chair of the board or any two (2) directors at any time; provided that, for the first organization meeting following incorporation, such meeting may be called by any director or incorporatorFootnote14. If the Corporation has only one director, that director may call and constitute a meeting.

6.02 Notice of MeetingFootnote15

Notice of the time and place for the holding of a meeting of the board shall be given to every director of the Corporation not less than 7 days before the time when the meeting is to be held by one of the following methods:

  1. delivered personally to the latest address as shown in the last notice that was sent by the Corporation in accordance with section 128 (Notice of directors) or 134 (Notice of change of directors);
  2. mailed by prepaid ordinary mail to the director’s address as set out in (a);
  3. by telephonic, electronic or other communication facility at the director’s recorded address for that purpose; or
  4. by an electronic document in accordance with Part 17 of the Act.

Notice of a meeting shall not be necessary if all of the directors are present, and none objects to the holding of the meeting, or if those absent have waived notice of or have otherwise signified their consent to the holding of such meeting. Notice of an adjourned meeting is not required if the time and place of the adjourned meeting is announced at the original meeting. Unless the by-law otherwise provides, no notice of meeting need specify the purpose or the business to be transacted at the meeting except that a notice of meeting of directors shall specify any matter referred to in subsection 138(2) (Limits on Authority) of the Act that is to be dealt with at the meeting.

6.03 Regular Meetings

The board may appoint a day or days in any month or months for regular meetings of the board at a place and hour to be named. A copy of any resolution of the board fixing the place and time of such regular meetings of the board shall be sent to each director forthwith after being passed, but no other notice shall be required for any such regular meeting except if subsection 136(3)(Notice of Meeting) of the Act requires the purpose thereof or the business to be transacted to be specified in the notice.

6.04 Votes to GovernFootnote16

At all meetings of the board, every question shall be decided by a majority of the votes cast on the question. In case of an equality of votes, the chair of the meeting in addition to an original vote shall have a second or casting vote.Footnote17

6.05 Committees

The board may from time to time appoint any committee or other advisory body, as it deems necessary or appropriate for such purposes and, subject to the Act, with such powers as the board shall see fit. Any such committee may formulate its own rules of procedure, subject to such regulations or directions as the board may from time to time make. Any committee member may be removed by resolution of the board of directors.

Section 7 – Officers

7.01 Description of OfficesFootnote18

Unless otherwise specified by the board which may, subject to the Act modify, restrict or supplement such duties and powers, the offices of the Corporation, if designated and if officers are appointed, shall have the following duties and powers associated with their positions:

  1. Chair of the Board – The chair of the board, if one is to be appointed, shall be a director. The chair of the board, if any, shall, when present, preside at all meetings of the board of directors and of the members. The chair shall have such other duties and powers as the board may specify.
  2. Vice-Chair of the Board – The vice-chair of the board, if one is to be appointed, shall be a director. If the chair of the board is absent or is unable or refuses to act, the vice-chair of the board, if any, shall, when present, preside at all meetings of the board of directors and of the members. The vice-chair shall have such other duties and powers as the board may specify.
  3. President – If appointed, the president shall be the chief executive officer of the Corporation and shall be responsible for implementing the strategic plans and policies of the Corporation. The president shall, subject to the authority of the board, have general supervision of the affairs of the Corporation.
  4. Secretary – If appointed, the secretary shall attend and be the secretary of all meetings of the board, members and committees of the board. The secretary shall enter or cause to be entered in the Corporation’s minute book, minutes of all proceedings at such meetings; the secretary shall give, or cause to be given, as and when instructed, notices to members, directors, the public accountant and members of committees; the secretary shall be the custodian of all books, papers, records, documents and other instruments belonging to the Corporation.
  5. Treasurer – If appointed, the treasurer shall have such powers and duties as the board may specify.

The powers and duties of all other officers of the Corporation shall be such as the terms of their engagement call for or the board or president requires of them. The board may, from time to time and subject to the Act, vary, add to or limit the powers and duties of any officer.

7.02 Vacancy in Office

In the absence of a written agreement to the contrary, the board may remove, whether for cause or without cause, any officer of the Corporation. Unless so removed, an officer shall hold office until the earlier of:

  1. the officer’s successor being appointed,
  2. the officer’s resignation,
  3. such officer ceasing to be a director (if a necessary qualification of appointment) or
  4. such officer’s death.

If the office of any officer of the Corporation shall be or become vacant, the directors may, by resolution, appoint a person to fill such vacancy.

Section 8 – Notices

8.01 Method of Giving Notices

Any notice (which term includes any communication or document) to be given (which term includes sent, delivered or served), other than notice of a meeting of members or a meeting of the board of directors, pursuant to the Act, the articles, the by-laws or otherwise to a member, director, officer or member of a committee of the board or to the public accountant shall be sufficiently given:

  1. if delivered personally to the person to whom it is to be given or if delivered to such person’s address as shown in the records of the Corporation or in the case of notice to a director to the latest address as shown in the last notice that was sent by the Corporation in accordance with section 128 (Notice of directors) or 134 (Notice of change of directors); or
  2. if mailed to such person at such person’s recorded address by prepaid ordinary or air mail; or
  3. if sent to such person by telephonic, electronic or other communication facility at such person’s recorded address for that purpose; or
  4. if provided in the form of an electronic document in accordance with Part 17 of the Act.

A notice so delivered shall be deemed to have been given when it is delivered personally or to the recorded address as aforesaid; a notice so mailed shall be deemed to have been given when deposited in a post office or public letter box; and a notice so sent by any means of transmitted or recorded communication shall be deemed to have been given when dispatched or delivered to the appropriate communication company or agency or its representative for dispatch. The secretary may change or cause to be changed the recorded address of any member, director, officer, public accountant or member of a committee of the board in accordance with any information believed by the secretary to be reliable. The declaration by the secretary that notice has been given pursuant to this by-law shall be sufficient and conclusive evidence of the giving of such notice. The signature of any director or officer of the Corporation to any notice or other document to be given by the Corporation may be written, stamped, type-written or printed or partly written, stamped, type-written or printed.

8.02 Invalidity of any provisions of this by-law

The invalidity or unenforceability of any provision of this by-law shall not affect the validity or enforceability of the remaining provisions of this by-law.

8.03 Omissions and Errors

The accidental omission to give any notice to any member, director, officer, member of a committee of the board or public accountant, or the non-receipt of any notice by any such person where the Corporation has provided notice in accordance with the by-laws or any error in any notice not affecting its substance shall not invalidate any action taken at any meeting to which the notice pertained or otherwise founded on such notice.

Section 9 – Dispute resolution

9.01 Mediation and Arbitration

Disputes or controversies among members, directors, officers, committee members, or volunteers of the Corporation are as much as possible to be resolved in accordance with mediation and/or arbitration as provided in Section 9.02 of this by-law.

9.02 Dispute Resolution Mechanism

In the event that a dispute or controversy among members, directors, officers, committee members or volunteers of the Corporation arising out of or related to the articles or by-laws, or out of any aspect of the operations of the Corporation is not resolved in private meetings between the parties, then without prejudice to or in any other way derogating from the rights of the members, directors, officers, committee members, employees or volunteers of the Corporation as set out in the articles, by-laws or the Act, and as an alternative to such person instituting a law suit or legal action, such dispute or controversy shall be settled by a process of dispute resolution as follows:

  1. The dispute or controversy shall first be submitted to a panel of mediators whereby the one party appoints one mediator, the other party (or if applicable the board of the Corporation) appoints one mediator, and the two mediators so appointed jointly appoint a third mediator. The three mediators will then meet with the parties in question in an attempt to mediate a resolution between the parties.
  2. The number of mediators may be reduced from three to one or two upon agreement of the parties.
  3. If the parties are not successful in resolving the dispute through mediation, then the parties agree that the dispute shall be settled by arbitration before a single arbitrator, who shall not be any one of the mediators referred to above, in accordance with the provincial or territorial legislation governing domestic arbitrations in force in the province or territory where the registered office of the Corporation is situated or as otherwise agreed upon by the parties to the dispute. The parties agree that all proceedings relating to arbitration shall be kept confidential and there shall be no disclosure of any kind. The decision of the arbitrator shall be final and binding and shall not be subject to appeal on a question of fact, law or mixed fact and law.
  4. All costs of the mediators appointed in accordance with this section shall be borne equally by the parties to the dispute or the controversy. All costs of the arbitrators appointed in accordance with this section shall be borne by such parties as may be determined by the arbitrators.

Section 10 – Effective date

10.01 Effective Date Footnote19

Subject to matters requiring a special resolution, this by-law shall be effective when made by the board.

CERTIFIED to be By-Law No. 1 of the Corporation, as enacted by the directors of the Corporation by resolution on the space to insert day day of space to insert month, 20space to insert year and confirmed by the members of the Corporation by special resolution on the space to insert day day of space to insert month, 20space to insert year.

Dated as of the space to insert day day of space to insert month, 20space to insert year.

space to insert full name
[Indicate name of director/officer]

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Other Definitions – Depending on the particular structure of the corporation, other definitions may be included.

Return to footnote1referrerFootnote 2

Annual Financial Statements – Subsection 172(2) of the Act allows the by-laws to include this provision, which is optional.

Return to footnote2referrerFootnote 3

Membership Conditions – Subsection 7(1)(c) requires the articles to set out the classes, or regional or other groups, of members that the corporation is authorized to establish and, if there are two or more classes or groups, any voting rights attaching to each of those classes or groups. Subsection 154(1) requires the by-laws to set out the conditions required for being a member, including whether a corporation or other entity may be a member. The examples in the precedent are for (1) a single class of members and (2) two classes of membership.

Return to footnote3referrerFootnote 4

Notice of Meeting and Record Date – The notice periods referred to in this section are prescribed notice periods under Subsection 63(1)(a) and (b) of the Regulations. Subsection 63(1)(c) of the Regulations also permits the corporation to affix the notice of meeting, no later than 30 days before the day on which the meeting is to be held, to a notice board where information respecting the corporation’s activities is regularly posted and that is located in a place frequented by the members. Subsection 63(1)(d) permits a corporation with over 250 members to publish the notice of meeting (i) at least once in each of the 3 weeks immediately before the date of the meeting in one or more newspapers where the majority of the members of the corporation resides or (ii) at least once in a publication of the Corporation that is sent to all members, during the period of 21 to 60 days before the meeting. The corporation may want to include either of these options in the by-laws, if desired. It should also be noted that under Subsection 161(1) of the Act, the corporation may fix a record date in accordance with the Regulations for determining the members entitled to receive notice of a meeting of members and to vote at such meeting.

Return to footnote4referrerFootnote 5

Electronic means of giving notice – Under Subsection 63(2) of the Regulations, if the by-laws provide for an electronic means of giving notice, the by-laws must also provide for a non-electronic means of giving notice.

Return to footnote5referrerFootnote 6

Absentee Voting – Subsection 171(1) of the Act provides that the by-laws may set out any prescribed methods of voting by members not in attendance at a meeting of members. The methods of voting prescribed by Section 74 of the Regulations are: (a) voting by proxy, (b) voting by mailed-in ballot, and (c) voting by means of telephonic, electronic or other communication facility in accordance with the Regulations. If the by-laws prescribe any method of absentee voting they are also required to set out procedures for collecting, counting and reporting the results of any vote.

Return to footnote6referrerFootnote 7

Retention of rights on Termination – Section 157 of the Act provides that the articles or by-laws may specify retention of rights by members, for example, for a particular period of time.

Return to footnote7referrerFootnote 8

Discipline – Subsection 158 allows the articles or by-laws to provide that the directors, members or a committee of directors or members has the power to discipline a member or to terminate their membership. If they do, they must also set out the circumstances and the manner in which the power may be exercised. The above section is an example.

Return to footnote8referrerFootnote 9

Quorum – Section 164(1) of the Act allows the by-laws to establish the quorum for members’ meetings as long as it complies with the Regulations which require the quorum to be a fixed number, a percentage or a determinable formula. If not set out in the by-laws, Subsection 164(2) of the Act provides that the default is a majority of the members entitled to vote. Note that Section 164(3) specifically allows the by-laws not to allow an opening quorum to be sufficient if there is a loss of quorum later in the meeting.

Return to footnote9referrerFootnote 10

Voting – Subsection 137(1) of the Act permits the by-laws to specify that the members may make decisions by consensus, with certain exceptions. However, consensus decision-making is generally only an appropriate means of making decisions at members meetings when the size of membership is small. If consensus decision making is desired for members, the following may be used:

“Unless otherwise required by the Act or the articles of the Corporation, questions arising at any meeting of the members shall be decided by a consensus of the members present at the meeting. A consensus will be considered to have been reached when no member objects to the question on the floor before the meeting. Should the chair of the meeting determine, after a reasonable effort to achieve consensus has been made, that a consensus will not be reached regarding a particular question then the chair shall refer the question to be decided by a majority vote of the members.”

Return to footnote10referrerFootnote 11

Tie-Vote – The example provided in the precedent gives the chair a second or casting vote to break a tie-vote. There are other variations possible, such as stating that the chair shall not exercise a vote except to break a tie.

Return to footnote11referrerFootnote 12

Election of Directors – Subsection 128(3) provides that directors are to be elected by the members by ordinary resolution at an annual meeting for a term expiring within the prescribed period set out in the Regulations (4 years). Subsection 128(4) of the Act allows directors to be elected for staggered terms. The by-laws may specifically provide for staggered terms or the by-laws may be left silent so that the staggered terms are provided by resolution.

Return to footnote12referrerFootnote 13

Appointment by Directors – Subsection 128(8) of the Act states that if the articles provide, the directors may appoint directors to the board but the total number may not exceed 1/3 of the number of directors elected at the previous annual meeting of members. If appointment by directors is desired, the articles could provide:

“The board of directors may appoint additional directors for a term expiring not later than the close of the next annual meeting of members but the total number of directors appointed may not exceed 1/3 of the number of directors elected at the previous annual meeting. The precise number of directors to be appointed in this manner may be fixed by ordinary resolution of the members.”

Return to footnote13referrerFootnote 14

First Organizational Meeting Following Incorporation – The phrase “provided that for the first organization meeting following incorporation, such meeting may be called by any director or incorporator” is not required unless the corporation is being created (i.e. it is not needed on continuance).

Return to footnote14referrerFootnote 15

Notice of Board of Directors’ Meeting – Subsection 136(1) allows the by-laws to provide for any notice of a meeting of directors. The example provided by the precedent gives the board flexibility to establish a greater number of days notice for regular board meetings while being able to call a board meeting on short notice where pressing matters require an urgent meeting.

Return to footnote15referrerFootnote 16

Voting – Subsection 137(1) of the Act permits the by-laws to specify that the directors will make decisions by consensus, with certain exceptions. If consensus decision making is desired, the following may be used:

“Unless otherwise required by the Act or the articles of the Corporation, questions arising at any meeting of the board shall be decided by a consensus of the directors present at the meeting. A consensus will be considered to have been reached when no director objects to the question on the floor before the meeting . Should the chair of the meeting determine, after a reasonable effort to achieve consensus has been made, that a consensus will not be reached regarding a particular question, then the chair shall refer the question to be decided by a majority vote of the directors. In that event, each director is authorized to exercise one vote”.

Return to footnote16referrerFootnote 17

Tie-Vote – Where there is a tie vote, the example provided in the precedent gives the chair a second or casting vote to break a tie. There are other variations possible, such as stating that the chair shall not exercise a vote except to break a tie.

Return to footnote17referrerFootnote 18

Officers – Section 142 of the Act allows the board to appoint the officers of the corporation and any offices may be specified in the by-laws. If appointment by members or in some other manner is preferred, it must be set out in the articles, by-laws or, if applicable, a unanimous member agreement.

Return to footnote18referrerFootnote 19

Transition is a special case for the effective date of the by-laws. The new by-laws typically take effect on the date that the corporation continues under the NFP Act. This is the effective date of the Certificate of Continuance.

Categories
202203

REGISTER

How to Register a Non-Profit in Canada

If you are hoping to register a nonprofit in Canada, chances are you already know the difference between a charity and a non profit.

Maybe you’re hoping to register a professional association, or an amateur sports club, or even a child care facility for your local school. Whatever the type of organization, it’s being created to serve the community in some way, and not to make a profit. But it’s also not an organization that is entirely focused on a selfless goal.

Even if you’ve established that though, there are still a lot of steps between you and having an officially registered nonprofit. So here’s a little more information about what lies ahead.

1. Incorporate

Before you canregister as a non profit, you first have to have an official organization, and that means you need to incorporate. You can do this yourself, online, or through a lawyer, and which one will be best really depends how complicated the circumstances are.

If there is nothing complicated about your registration, and you are confident you can fill in a basic form, you can purchase a template kit or do an online registration. If not, or there is any kind of confusion at all, it’s best to talk to a professional. Once your articles of incorporation are completed and filed, it can be quite tricky and time consuming to make any changes.

2. Your First Directors Meeting

Once you have incorporated your not for profit, you need to hold your first directors meeting, and during that meeting, you need to establish your bylaws. You also need to appoint officers, establish a reporting framework, decide on banking issues and various other administrative tasks.

All these things also need to be documented, and many of them need to be submitted to Corporations Canada in order to be granted not for profit status.

3. Get Your Taxes In Order

Registered charities are automatically exempt from income tax in Canada, but not for profits are not.

So once you haveregistered your corporation and set up the administrative and reportingstructure, you will still need to contact CRA to make sure you are registeredas required, and to find out when you need to report your earnings, and whichprocess to use.

4. Take Care of Local Regulations

Registering a nonprofit federally and with the CRA is not the end of the process in most cases. Most provinces and territories also have requirements to register your organization, so you will need to find out what they are and complete the necessary documentation and submissions.

Many larger municipalities and cities also have their own requirements, including business licenses, permits and other kinds of regulations and fees. All these also need to be completed and kept current to operate your not for profit legally.

There is a government service called BizPal that can help you to determine what kind of registrations and permits you need to have done to operate in your area. Remember that if you plan to have more than one office in different cities or provinces, you will have to do some of these for each location you operate in.

Where to Find Help

The good news is that while it can seem like a maze to get from idea to registered not for profit organization, there are places you can go for help.

The Government of Canada, provincial and municipal websites all have information related to registering various types of corporation, including not for profits. CRA also has many resources you can use to navigate the system.

Chartered accounts and lawyers can all help in setting up corporations, and in completing all the paperwork you need done. They can also advise you on the best structure and on all the technicalities that you might not be aware of and will know the process to submit and file the various documents you need to complete.

If your not for profit is very simple, and there are no complex issues to handle, there are several “off the shelf” options for incorporating businesses, as well as websites where you can enter your information and generate a very simple document. These are always based on the very minimum requirements though.

Whichever method you choose to register you non profit, take your time with this part of the process. If you make a mistake and need to make changes later, there will almost certainly be an additional fee for amendments.

Categories
202203

huawei

华为有多少总裁,多少副总裁,分别管什么?

华为到底有多少总总裁,多少副总裁,分别管什么其实总华为年报就可以看得一清二楚。

华为作为一家世界级的企业,2018营业收入超过7200亿,这个体量已经跟一个省级的GDP差不多得了,不过创造这么多营业收入华为只用了18万左右的员工。而在这18万员工当中,不同的人所属的部门是不一样的,因为华为有很多事业群,不同的事业群都有相关的负责人。

根据2018年华为财务报告数据显示,目前华为的高管具体如下:

一、集团总裁

华为的总裁是任正非,目前任总没有参与到华为具体的管理工作当中,他的工作更多是战略上的决策以及精神领袖,在华为拥有绝对话语权。

二、董事长2个

华为有2个董事长,一个是常规的董事长,另一个是轮值董事长。目前华为的董事长由梁华担任,轮值董事长由胡厚崑担任(2019年4月1日~2019年9月30日)。

1、常规懂事长梁华全面负责华为的各项事情。梁华出生于1964年,毕业于武汉汽车工业大学,博士。1995年加入华为,历任公司供应链总裁、公司CFO、 流程与IT管理部总裁、全球技术服务部总裁、首席供应 官、审计委员会主任、监事会主席等职务。现任公司董事长。

2、轮值董事长由郭平、徐直军、胡厚崑轮值担任。三个人的任期如下:

轮值董事长主要主持公司董事会及董事会常务委员会,轮值董事长在当值期间是华为的最高领袖,任职期间全面负责华为的各项业务。

3个轮值董事长简介如下:

郭平:出生于1966年,毕业于华中理工大学,硕士。1988年 加入华为,历任产品开发部项目经理、供应链总经理、 总裁办主任、首席法务官、流程与IT管理部总裁、企业 发展部总裁、华为终端公司董事长兼总裁、公司轮值 CEO、财经委员会主任等,现任公司副董事长、轮值董 事长等职务。

徐直军:出生于1967年,毕业于南京理工大学,博士。1993 年 加 入 华 为, 历 任 公 司 无 线 产 品 线 总 裁、 战 略 与 Marketing总裁、产品与解决方案总裁、产品投资评 审委员会主任、公司轮值CEO、战略与发展委员会主任 等,现任公司副董事长、轮值董事长等职务。

胡厚崑:出生于1968年,毕业于华中理工大学,本科。1990 年加入华为,历任公司中国市场部总裁、拉美地区部 总裁、全球销售部总裁、销售与服务总裁、战略与 Marketing总裁、全球网络安全与用户隐私保护委员会 主席、美国华为董事长、公司副董事长、轮值CEO及人 力资源委员会主任等,现任公司副董事长、轮值董事长等职务。

三、副董事长4个

目前华为的副董事长有4个人,除了3个轮值董事长郭平、徐直军、胡厚崑之外,还有孟晚舟也是副董事长,孟晚舟同时兼任华为的CFO,全面负责华为的财务工作。

孟晚舟毕业于华中理工大学,硕士。1993年加入华为。历任公 司国际会计部总监、华为香港公司首席财务官、账务管 理部总裁。现任公司CFO、副董事长。

四、事业群总裁21个以上

目前华为有很多事业群,每个事业群对应一个总裁,能统计到的总裁具体如下:

(1)运营商BG总裁——丁耘

丁耘出生于1969年,毕业于东南大学,硕士。1996年加入华为,历任公司产品线总裁、全球解决方案销售部总裁、全球Marketing总裁、产品与解决方案总裁、运营商BG总裁等。

(2)消费者BG 总裁——余承东

余承东出生于1969年,毕业于清华大学,硕士。1993年加入华为,历任3G产品总监、无线产品行销副总裁、无线产品线总裁、欧洲片区总裁、战略与Marketing总裁、终端公司董事长及消费者BG CEO等。

(3)产品投资委员会主任——汪涛

汪涛出生于1972年,毕业于西安交通大学,硕士。1997年加入华为,历任无线研发经理、UMTS国际产品行销副总裁、欧洲片区产品行销总裁、华为意大利&瑞士子公司总经理、无线网络产品线总裁、网络产品线总裁、产品与解决方案总裁、产品投资委员会主任等。

(4)战略研究院院长——徐文伟

徐文伟出生于1963年,毕业于东南大学,硕士。1991年加入华为研发部,主持华为第一代局用程控交换机开发,分别负责芯片、总体技术、战略规划和预研部等工作。历任公司国际产品行销及营销总裁、欧洲片区总裁、战略与Marketing总裁、销售与服务总裁、片区联席会议总裁、企业业务BG CEO、公司战略Marketing总裁、IRB主任等。徐文伟现任华为战略研究院院长。

(5)公共及政府事务部总裁——陈黎芳

陈黎芳出生于1971年,毕业于中国西北大学,1995年加入华为,历任公司北京代表处首席代表、国际营销部副总裁、国内营销管理办公室副主任、公司董事会成员、公共及政府事务部总裁、公司高级副总裁等。

(6)总干部部部长——彭中阳

彭中阳出生于1968年,毕业于华中理工大学,本科。1997年加入华为,历任华南片区用服工程师、俄罗斯代表处传输项目经理及拓展工程师、也门代表处代表、中东北非地区部总裁助理、北非地区部总裁、中国地区部总裁、公司总干部部副部长,现任公司总干部部部长。

(7)海思总裁、2012 实验室总裁——何庭波

何庭波出生于1969年,毕业于北京邮电大学,硕士。1996年加入华为,历任芯片业务总工程师、海思研发管理部部长、2012实验室副总裁等,现任海思总裁、2012实验室总裁。

(8)网络产品与解决方案总裁——李英涛

李英涛出生于1969年,毕业于哈尔滨工业大学,博士。1997年加入华为,历任瑞典研究所所长、无线Marketing产品管理部部长、产品与解决方案预研部部长、产品与解决方案总体技术办主任、中央研发部总裁、2012实验室总裁、产品与解决方案总裁、网络产品与解决方案总裁等。

(9)全球采购认证管理部总裁——姚福海

姚福海出生于1968年,毕业于电子科技大学,本科。1997年加入华为,历任公司定价中心主任、管理工程部副总裁、策略合作部副总裁、全球产品行销部副总裁、全球技术服务部总裁等,现任公司董事会成员、首席供应官、集团采购管理委员会主任、全球采购认证管理部总裁。

(10)质量流程IT总裁——陶景文

陶景文出生于1971年,毕业于北京邮电大学。1996年加入华为,历任产品开发工程师,市场技术处副总经理,国际行销部常务副部长,南部非洲地区部常务副总裁/总裁,全球行销/营销总裁,终端公司总裁,西欧地区部总裁,质量流程IT总裁等职务。

(11)企业BG总裁——阎力大

阎力大出生于1970年,毕业于清华大学,本科。1997年加入华为,历任欧洲地区部副总裁、日本代表处代表、东亚地区部总裁等,现任华为投资控股有限公司董事、企业BG总裁、ICT基础设施业务管理委员会成员。

(12)审计委员会主任——李杰

李杰出生于1967年,西安交通大学无线电通信学士、计算机 图像处理硕士。1992年加入华为,历任研发工程师、 国内代表处代表、莫斯科代表处代表、独联体地区部总 裁、全球产品行销总裁、全球技术服务部总裁、人力资 源部总裁、片区联席会议总裁、公司总干部部部长等。现任公司监事会主席、审计委员会主任。

(13)首席道德遵从官、道德遵从委员会主任——周代琪

周代琪出生于1947年,毕业于西安电子科技大学。1994年加 入华为,历任ATM产品经理、多媒体部总工程师/总经 理、硬件总监、西安研究所所长、产品解决方案干部部 部长等,现任首席道德遵从官、道德遵从委员会主任。

(14)首席后勤官——任树录

任树录出生于1956年,毕业于云南大学,本科。1992年加入 华为,历任慧通公司总裁、华为基建投资管理委员会主 任、华为内部服务管理委员会主任,现任华为首席后勤 官等。

(15)光网络产品线总裁——尹绪全

尹绪全先生 出生于1964年,毕业于西安交通大学,硕士。1995年 加入华为,历任公司南非地区部总裁、TK业务部副总 裁、光网络产品线总裁、销服体系干部部部长、全球采 购认证管理部副总裁等职务。

(16)内审部总裁——李今歌

李今歌出生于1968年,毕业于北京邮电大学,本科。1992年 加入华为,历任地区部副总裁、地区部总裁、全球产品 行销部总裁、南部非洲片区总裁、片区联席会议成员、 人力资源委员会成员、亚太片区总裁、审计委员会成 员、内审部总裁。

(17)、ICT基础设施业务管理委员会 办公室主任——李大丰

李大丰出生于1966年,本科毕业于长春邮电学院无线电工程 系,获学士学位,研究生毕业于哈尔滨工业大学信号与 信息处理专业,获硕士学位。1996加入华为,历任北京 办事处销售副主任、天津办事处主任、石家庄办事处主 任、电信系统部副部长、南非地区部销售副总裁、MTN 系统部部长、东南非地区部总裁、区域财经管理部总 裁、中东非洲片区总裁、ICT基础设施业务管理委员会 办公室主任等。

(18)首席法务官、首席合规官——宋柳平

宋柳平出生于1966年,北京理工大学博士后。1996年加入华 为,历任产品战略规划办经理、知识产权部部长、对外 合作部部长、PSST成员、法务部总裁、专利委员会主 任、贸易合规与海关遵从委员会主任、人力资源委员会 纪律与监察分委会委员、审计委员会委员、财经委员会 委员、首席法务官、首席合规官等。

(19)亚太片 区总裁——田峰

田峰历任中亚俄片区总裁、公 司干部管理团队成员、审计委员会成员、ICT基础设施 业务管理委员会成员、纪律与监察委员会主任、亚太片 区总裁、监事会监事等。

(20)任中东非洲片区总裁——易翔

易翔出生于1975年,毕业于武汉大学,本科。1998年加入 华为,历任巴基斯坦代表处代表、中东地区部总裁、区 域财经管理部总裁、公司副CFO、区域管理部总裁、美 洲片区总裁等,现任中东非洲片区总裁、ICT基础设施 业务管理委员会成员等。

(21)欧洲片区总裁——李健

李健出生于1973年,毕业于西安电子科技大学,硕士。2001年加入华为,历任尼日利亚代表处代表、加纳代 表处代表、西非地区部总裁、销售与服务体系总裁特别 助理、客户群及区域业务支持部总裁、东北欧地区部 总裁、人力资源委员会成员、片区联席会议管理团队 常务成员、片区联席会议副总裁、LTC全球流程责任人 (GPO)、美洲片区总裁等,现任欧洲片区总裁、公司干 部管理团队成员、ICT基础设施业务管理委员会成员。

五、副总裁N个

目前华为包括总裁、董事长、副董事长、各事业群总裁在内总共有27个以上,如果按照每个总裁对应4个副总裁计算,那目前华为的副总裁数量至少在100个以上。

Categories
202203

gz

南方面粉厂拆除工作进入收尾阶段!部分纳入广州市工业文化遗产名录2020-12-04 11:52:01来源:微社区e家通新员村

待钩机把储料罐砖块全部拆卸下来,南方面粉厂拆除工作就完成了。

包括南方面粉厂储罐的收尾拆除、石东花园和怡景花园的违建商铺拆除,乐学街原穗源阁小区门岗拆除等项目,员村街2020年拆除违法建(构)筑物、国有土地收储工作已顺利完成,拆除总面积达25.3214万平方米。

去年开始收归国储

南方面粉厂,是20世纪五六十年代员村工业区的代表性企业之一,在90年代成为广东省该行业最大的生产企业。经21世纪初期“退二进三”改革后,南方面粉厂虽退出员村,但留下工业园区,分别是北侧作为“临江507创意园”使用,南侧靠近珠江地块闲置。

南方面粉厂江边部分作为广州市工业文化遗产保留。

2019年,广州计划拆除员村范围内原南方面粉厂、玻璃厂、鹅公村等地块的建筑,释出的土地将用于金融城的建设。南方面粉厂作为地块最大的工程,将被拆卸临江507创意园内72520平方米,但保留江边储罐和传输带等设备,纳入广州市工业文化遗产名录进行保护。

拆除一度受阻

从去年2月开始,园区就告知各物业使用者在去年12月31日前被收储。去年底,员村街组织施工单位启动对南方面粉厂的拆卸工作,发现施工难度非常大。

园区内共有两组储料罐需要拆除。每组均为数个罐体组合而成,高约30-40米,每个罐体直径5-6米,均为钢筋混凝土筒体结构。而且罐体距离民宅近则28米,远则145米,虽符合施工条件,但拆卸过程产生的震动对居民房屋始终产生影响。因此,工程停滞了数月。

街道现场办公解决问题

为了解决居民房屋受损问题,员村街督促施工单位暂停施工,并邀请专家对施工方案进行再三研判和议定。结果,专家认为,初始采用到“倒放式”的拆除方案虽然用时短,但振动幅度较大,建议施工单位采用“分拆式”作业模式,用时长,但对周边单位影响较少。

为减少拆除时对周边居民产生的影响,避免造成不必要的损失,经过专业拆卸公司现场勘察和研究,对比不同的可行性拆卸方案,施工方最终采用在现场待拆储料罐旁边堆积一定高度的土堆,利用土堆作为拆卸设备的工作平台,采用加长臂拆卸设备对各个储料罐从上向下进行分块拆卸,并将残余物资进行分拣回收处理的方式。同时,在待拆建筑物旁边30米处拉设警戒线,采用水车淋水降尘,减少对周边环境的影响。

此外,员村街派驻工作人员直达施工一线,并召开现场会,接待周边受影响居民的咨询和问题反映。一部分居民已接受赔偿方案并予以理解。2020年11月中旬开始,最后一个储料罐组合已经开拆,今年内将完成南方面粉厂拆卸工作。

相关链接:员村提前完成涉水违建拆除目标

除了切实完成广州金融城员村地块拆除收储任务,员村街今年还重拳出击治理涉水违建。截至11月24日,员村街共拆除辖内程界西、员村南街等5条合流渠箱范围内违建61宗9529平方米,比原计划提前一个月,100%完成年度渠箱涉水违建拆除任务。

合流渠箱大多属于河涌的支流,合流渠箱周边违法建筑不但占压行洪通道,更是水污染的主要源头。员村街5条合流渠箱范围内的涉水违法建设,大部分都是临街商铺,周边环境脏乱、污水直排问题比较突出。按照“全面排查,多方动员,分类施策,精准治理”的总体工作思路,员村街河长办多次召开会议部署任务,成立专项拆违小组,街道总河长担任组长,组织街道执法队全面进行现场清查,通过张贴标语、发放宣传手册等进行动员,将任务按难易程度分类制定整治方案。石东花园附近拆除违法搭建商铺前后对比。

从今年5月开始,街道执法人员首先完成权属甄别,街河长办、属地居委对骑压渠箱建(构)筑物的当事人派发了拆除公告,并在显眼位置公示。因涉及部分经营业主的合同调整及员工安置,最初经营业主也存在抵触思想,但工作人员发扬钉钉子精神,逐户逐人、反复细致地做思想工作,并联动各级职能部门形成合力,顺利完成拆违。
程界西李氏宗祠附近违法搭建商铺拆除后。

街道河长办有关负责人表示:“合流渠箱涉水违建整治是水环境治理的重要内容,整治合流渠箱违建就是从源头控制污染,是确保员村水环境长治久清的关键措施,涉水违建拆除以后行洪通道也将会恢复,可以提高周边地区防洪排涝能力,地上腾出的空间将会升级改造为公共空间,进一步提升居民的安全感、幸福感和获得感。”

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阳江市各县各镇赶圩时间表

阳江市各县各镇赶圩时间表

序号乡镇圩日

1 春城街道 369

2 织實镇 2 58

3 平冈镇16

4 春湾镇 147

5 溪头镇日日圩

7 潭水镇 3 69

8 二甲镇 2 58

9 八甲镇 147

10 双滘镇247

11 东城镇 5 10

12 上洋镇369

13 程村镇147

15 合水镇2 58

16(新)闸城镇日日圩

17 大八镇 5 10

18 岗美镇258

19 陂面镇 1 47

21新洲镇16

22 圭岗镇 369

23 永宁镇147

24 岗列街道 5 10

26 松柏镇 2 5 8

27 儒洞镇369

28 马水镇14 7

29 大沟镇 49

31 白沙街道3 8

32 北惯镇 38

33红丰镇27

34 东平镇 5 10

35 河朗镇147

36合山镇 27

37塘口镇369

38 埠场镇 49

39 石望镇3 6 9

40 新圩镇 369(农)

41 那龙镇 5 10

43 双捷镇49

44 沙扒镇日日圩

45河口镇147

46 雅韶镇27

47 城北街道 O

网尾,258

软水:49

牛墟16

田時 49

晋冈1 6

埠场和大沟49

平冈16

上洋、塘口369

阳西儒洞:农历逢2,5,8

阳西书村:农历逢4,.9

塘口是1.4, 7